www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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idvflI `qy ivsLys:

rosLnIaF df iqAuhfr idvflI

-pUrn isMG pFDI Pon: 905-789-6670

          idvflI dy iqAuhfr nflL mirXfdf prsLoqm sRI rfm cMdr jI dy cOdF sfl df bnvfs kwt ky aXuiDaf vfps afAux dI, sB qoN pRcilq qy sB qoN vwzI Gtnf juVI hoeI hY. ies KusLI ivc aXuiDaf vfsIaF ny dIvy jgfey aqy KusLI prgt kIqI. ieh iqAuhfr KusLI df pRqIk bx igaf. dyKf dyKI hor GtnfvF vI ies nflL juVdIaF geIaF.

        pr rfmcMdr jI dy smy qoN pihlF dIaF hor GtnfvF vI idvflI nflL juVy hox dI sLfhdI BrdIaF hn. ipCokV ivc jfeIey qF pqf cldf hY ik smuMdr mMQn smy DnMqr vYd vI iesy idn prgt hoieaf sI. iesy idn ivsLnUM ny vfmn avqfr Dfrky bflI nUM mfiraf aqy bYkuMT gey sn. iesy smuMdr mMQn ivcoN iewk suMdrI 'lwCmI' pRgt hoeI. ivsLnUM ny ies nUM afpxI arDFgnI bxf ilaf. awgoN ieh Dn dyx vflI 'lwCmI' msLhUr hoeI. ihMdU ies lCmI dI ies idn pUjf krdy hn. idvflI vfly idn sRI ikRsLn ny kMs df Kfqmf kr ky sRI agrsYn nUM rfj iqlk lfAux dI rsm kIqI sI.

      ieMnHF GtnfvF qoN ielfvf purfqn ihMdU imQhfs ivc dIpmflf krn aqy KusLI prgt krn dy XuwgF purfxy smfcfr imldy hn. ivsLnMU purfx anusfr ivsLnUM ny jd vrfh (sUr) rUp Dfiraf qd ipRQvI ny Aus nflL Bog kr ky nrk nfmI puwqr pYdf kIqf; jo guhftI (asfm) df rfjf bixaF. DrqI ivcoN Aupjy ies asur BOmfsur jF nrkfsur jfbr rfjy nUM duafpr ivc ikRsLn jI ny mfiraf aqy 16 hjLfr kMinaF ies dy kbjy ivcoN CuzfeIaF. ies KusLI ivc dIpmflf kIqI geI. ieMnHF sfry hvfilaF qoN idvflLI dI purfqnqf bfry sMkyq imldy hn.

        bhuqy ivcfrDfrk lokF, mwqF qy DrmF ny ivMg-vlL pf ky afpo afpxy mwqF-DrmF df idvflI nflL irsLqf joV ilaf jfpdf hY. afiKaf jFdf hY ik suafmI mhFvIr ny 527 bI[ sI[ ivc idvflI vflLy idn moksL pRfpqI kIqI sI aqy Auh bRhmlIn hoey sn. mhfqmf buwD nUM igafn hox dI Gtxf vI iesy idn nflL joVI jFdI hY. ieh vI afiKaf jFdf hY ik 12 sfl df bnvfs kwt ky pFzv vI idvflI vfly idn afey sn. iswK ivcfrDfrf ivc CyvyN gurU hirgoivMd sfihb dy guaflIar dy ikly ivcoN irhfa hox aqy sRI aMimRqsr phuMcx dI Gtxf joVI jFdI hY. ies KusLI ivc dIpmflLf kIqI jFdI hY. ies nUM bMdI-CoV idvs afiKaf jFdf hY. ieh prMprf bfbf buwZf jI ny arMB kIqI. gurU sfihb nUM ikMnI lMmI kYd hoeI sI pr Auh ikMnF smf kYd ivc rhy, kdoN irhfa hoey aqy iks qrIk nUM guaflIar qoN aMimRqsr puwjy ies bfry vI iswK-skflr iewk mwq nhI. pr bfbf buwZf jI vwloN dIpmflf krn dI gwl sfry svIkfr krdy hn.

         mhfn kosL dy krqf anusfr idvflI ihMdU mwq df lwCmI pUjf df iqAuhfr hY. dIvy df cfnx igafn df pRqIk hY. kdy ies duafrf aigafnqf df hnyrf dUr krn aqy igafn dIaF joqF Aujfgr krn df sMklp isrijaf igaf sI. ies smy lwCmI dI pUjf krnI, nvyN kwpVy pihnxy, brqx KrIdxy, imiTafeIaF afid vMzx dy irvfj hn. ihMdU ies idn afpxy GrF dy bUhy KuwlHy rKdy hn. ivsLvfs hY ik ies idn lwCmI gRih-pRvysL krdI qy Gr-prvfr nUM brkqF nflL BrdI hY.

         mhFrfsLtr ivc ies idn pqIaF vwloN afpxIaF pqnIaF nUM igPt dyx df irvfj hY. BeIaf dUj vflLy idn sonf aqy ipwql dy BFzy KrIdx nUM sLuB mMinaF jFdf hY. bhuq sfry ies idn jUaf Kyzx nUM sLuB mMndy hn. gujrfqI aqy vpfrI lok idvflI qoN ibkrmI sMmq df arMB mMndy hn aqy afpxy nvyN kfrobfr leI nvIaF vhIaF afid lfAuNdy hn. ies idn gxysL dI pUjf kIqI jFdI hY.

         keI QfeIN iewk hor ZMg nflL Brm pfilaf jFdf hY. idvflI qoN iewk idn pihlF kyvl iewk dIvf bfilaf jFdf hY. Aus ivc 'kfxI kOzI' pfeI jFdI hY. dIvf Gr dy vihMdy pfxI kol riKaf jFdf hY. ivsLvfs hY ik pfxI dy vihx nflL hI Gr ivcoN grIbI, dilwdr, bdrUhF qy ibmfrIaF inkl jfxgIaF. ies nUM 'kfxI idvflI' afKdy hn.

     awj qoN iewk hjLfr sfl pihlF cIn ivc brUd (gMn pfAuzr) dI Koj hoeI. Aus qoN iqMn sO sfl ipwCoN mMgolF dy hmilaF smy ies kfZ dI Bfrq ivc afmd hoeI. mugl bfdsLfh bfbr ny pfxIpq dI pihlI lVfeI 1526 ivc iesy qopKfny duafrf ijwq hfsl kIqI aqy mugl sfmrfj dI nINh rwKI sI. Bfrq ivc sB qoN pihlF eIst ieMzIaf kMpnI (1604) ny brUd dI kfZ df kfrKfnf cflU kIqf. brUd dI kfZ nflL ptfky, afqsLbfjI df hor smfn iqafr huMdf hY. sdIaF pihlF DUMm DVwky, ptfky qy sLor sLrfby vflI idvflI df irvfj nhIN sI; kyvl dIvy bfl ky idvflI mnfeI jFdI sI. ies nflL vfqfvrx sLuwD, svwC qy sIql huMdf sI. brUd nflL iqafr hoeI afqsLbfjI df irvfj aMgryjF smy arMB hoieaf hY.

         isLvf kFsLI qfmlnfzU df Cotf ijhf sLihr hY; ijwQy sB qoN vwD ptfky iqafr huMdy hn. iewk aMdfjLy anusfr ptfikaF ivc 350 tn kfgjL sVdf hY; jo 20 hjLfr drKq kwt ky iqafr huMdf hY. GVI-GYNty dy mnorMjn ivc arbF rupey PUky jFdy hn. Pfiedf bpfrI vrg nUM huMdf hY. Kpq mMzI hY. lgBg 80 hjLfr kroV rupey sflfnf ptfikaf qy afqsLbfjLI df vpfr huMdf hY. 80 lwK qoN vwD bwcy ptfikaF dIaF PYktrIaF ivc kMm krdy hn.

         ptfky brUd nflL bxdy hn. ptfikaF ivc 75 PI sdI potfsLIam nfeItryt, 10 PI sdI kolf, 10 PI sdI gMDk, 5 PI sdI sLIsLf qy keI hor pdfrQ imlfey jFdy hn. slPr zfieafksfeIz nflL sfh rukx vrgI ibmfrI huMdI hY. nfeItRojn monoafksfeIz nflL KFsI, jukfm, qy alrjI vrgIaF alfmqF huMdIaF hn. lhU ivc afksIjLn dI kmI huMdI hY. Gfqk qwq hvf ivc GulL jFdy hn. kfrbn zfieafksfeIz duafrf byaMq nuksfn huMdf hY. awKF, nwk qy gly dIaF ibmfrIaF huMdIaF hn. PyPVy qbfh huMdy hn. bolLfpx vDdf hY. grBvqIaF Gfqk rogF df isLkfr huMdIaF hn.

        ies iqAuhfr df ishq qy sPfeI nflL sbMD juiVaf hoieaf hY. scfeI ieh hY ik Bfrq KyqI aDfrq dys Lhox kfrx mnuwK df irjLk KyqI `qy inrBr hY. suwKF suKidaF iCmfhI ipwCoN, hfVHI-sOxI nUM anfj dyKx nUM imldf hY. idvflI mOky sOxI dI Psl bfjrf, mwkI afid nflL buKfrIaF BrdIaF hn. dUjy pfsy ies smy grmI jf rhI huMdI hY aqy srdI df arMB huMdf hY. srdI dy bcfa leI koiTaF aMdr sOxf. AudoN koTy kwcy huMdy sn. ies leI isafxy lok ies idn koiTaF dI cMgI qrHF sPfeI krdy qy imwtI nfl ilpdy pocdy sn. sMiDaf smy srHoN jF iGE dy dIvy bflLy jFdy; ijs nflL vfqfvrx svwC huMdf hY. dIvy iekwly GrF ivc hI nhIN sI jgfey jFdy sn; sgoN mr gey pRfxIaF dy isivaF AuWqy, KUhF, CwpVF-toiBaF AuWqy, iewQoN qwk ik pQkxf, rUVIaF aqy suMn sfn QfvF AuWqy vI jgfey jFdy sn. sfP suQry kwpVy pihndy, imiTafeIaF qy AuWqm Bojn KFdy aqy smfijk qOr qy iewk dUjyy nUM quhPy vMzdy, sLuB-ieCfvF qy vDfeIaF afdfn prdfn krdy hn.  

    pr hux idvflI dy rMg ZMg bdl gey hn. hux ieh iqAuhfr ibmfrIaF, buirafeIaF, JgVy aqy klys nUM jnm dyx jogf rih igaf hY. trwkF dy trwk ptfikaF dy sLihrF ivc afAuNdy qy vycy jFdy hn. idvflI vflLy idn arbF rupey dy ptfky qy afqsLbfjLIaF awg lf ky suafh kIqy jFdy hn. KUMn psIny dI kmfeI imMtF sikMtF ivc sfV ky suafh kIqI jFdI hY. prdUsLn hor gfVHf huMdf hY. idvflI qoN agly idn aKbfrF dIaF lt lt blLdIaF surKIaF nflL Bry huMdy hn. iBafnk hfdsy huMdy, lwKF kroV rupey dIaF pRfprtIaF suafh huMdIaF, keIaF dy aMg Julsy jFdy, keI apfhj huMdy qy ijLMdgI qoN hwQ Do bYyTdy hn. iewk aMdfjLy anusfr ptfikaF nflL, hr sfl 13 hjLfr durGtnfvF ivc mnuwKI jfnF df nuksfn huMdf hY.     

   drbfr sfihb aMimRqsr ivc hr sfl afqsLbfjI ivc lgBg zyZ lwK dy ptfky clfey jFdy hn. keI KfndfnF ivc afqsLbfjI df kMpItIsLn huMdf hY. iewk prvfr sO sfl qoN vDyry smy qoN afqsLbfjI dI 'syvf' ivc lgf hoieaf hY. pihlF awDf GMtf hux 10 qoN 15 imMt qwk afqsLbfjI dI prdrsLnI kIqI jFdI hY.

 


ikwQy KVyH hn ajy vI ies dunIaF dy kuJ lok

rsm dy nfm AuWqy bwcIaf dy nfl huMdf hY sYks

- aYWz btlr

dwKx pUrbI aPrIkI dy mlfvI dy kfPLI dUr dwKx ihwsy ivwc lVkIaf dy jvfn hox Auwqy iewk sYks vrkr dy nfl sYks krfey jfx dI iewk anoKI prMprf hY. ies sYks vrkr nUM hfienf kihMdy hn. ipMz dy vwzy -bujurg ies nUM nf hI blfqkfr mMndy hn aqy nf hI ies ivwc koeI burfeI vyKdy hn. Auh ies nUM uwDIkrx dI iewk rsm dy qOr Auwqy vyKdy hn. lyiknies pwqrkfr dI ijs hfienf nfl mulfkfq hoeI Auh eyzjL qoN pRBfivq sI aqy rsm dy muqfibk Aus nUM kMzom vI iesqymfl nhI krn idwqf jfdf hY aqy nf hI Auh ieh gwl prgt krdf hY. ies leI rsm dy kfrn eyzjL vrgIaF sYks nfl juVIaF bImfrIaf dy PYlx df bhuq qrf hY. sMXukq rftr dy muqfbk mlfvI ivwc hr dsF ivwco iewk aOrq jf mrd aYWcafeIvI qoN pIVHq hY. pwqrkfr aYWz btlr df kihxf hY ik dwKx mlfvI dy nIsfjy ijlHy ivwc myrI mulfkfq aYirk eynIvf nfl hoeI jo ik iewk hfienf hY aqy iewQy smfj dy lok uwDIkrx dy qihq sYks krn leI hfienf nUM BfVy Auwqy bulfAudy hn. uwDIkrx dy qihq jykr koeI afdmI mr jfdf hY qf AusdI pqnI nUM afpxy pqI dy dfh sskfr qoN pihlf hfienf dy nfl sOxf pYdf hY. jykr iksy aOrq df grBpfq ho igaf ho igaf qF vI AusnUM Xon uwDIkrx dI ies pirkRIaf ivwcoN gujrnf pYdf hY.

sB qo hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik iewQy lVkIaf dI pihlI mfhvfrI dy bfad hI AunHf nUM uwiDkrx dI ies pirkRIaf ivwcoN gujrnf huMdf hY. jykr lVkIaf sMbMD bxfAux qoN mnfhI kr dyx qf mMinaf jfdf hY ik AunHf dy prvfr jf pUry ipMz dy nfl rog jf kuwJ hor bhuq BYVf hox vflf hY. eynIvf ny dwisaf ik mY ijnHf lokf dy nfl sMbMD bxfieaf hY AunHf ivco ijafdfqr skUl jfx vflI lVkIaf hn. kuwJ lVkIaf qf 12 jf 13 sfl dI Aumr dIaF hI hoxgIaf lyikn mY ijafdf Aumr dIaf lVkIaf nUM qrjIh idMdf hf. ieh sfrIaF lVkIaf mYnUM hfienf dy rUp ivwc pfky kfI Ku huMdIaf hn. Auh asl ivwc Pkr mihsUs krdIaF hn aqy lokf nUM kihMdIaF hn ik ieh afdmI asl ivwc iewk mrd hY. ieh jfxdf hY ik ikvy iewk aOrq nUM Ku kIqf jfdf hY. Ausdy dfhivaf dy bfvjUd bgl dy ipMz dIaF keI lVkIaf ny ies rsm dy pRqI afpxy uwsy df iejLhfr kIqf hY. iehnf ivco iewk kuVI mfrIaf ny ikhf ik myry kol ies nUM krn dy isvfey koeI dUjf cfrf nhI sI .mYnUM afpxy mfqf -ipqf dI Kfqr ieh krnf ipaf. jykr mY ieh krn qoN mnfhI kr idMdI qf myry prvfr dy lokf nUM bImfrIaf ho jFdIaF aqy AunHf dI mOq vI ho skdI sI aqy ies leI mY zr geI sI.

Aus ny dwisaf ik Aus dIaF sfrIaF dosqf nUM hfienf dy nfl sYks krnf ipaf hY. eynIvf dI Aumr cflHI dy afly duafly lwgdI hY. Auh afpxI Aumr nUM lY ky inicq nhI hY. Aus dIaF do bIvIaf hn aqy Auh dovyN hI eynIvf dy kMm dy bfry ivwc cMgI qrHF jfxdIaf hn. eynIvf df dfavf hY ik Aus ny hux qwk 104 aOrqf aqy lVkIaf dy nfl sYks kIqf hY. Aus ny sfl 2012 ivwc iewk sQfink abfr ivwc vI iehI igxqI dwsI sI .Auh kihMdf hY ik mYnUM lwgdf hY ik Auh kfI arsy pihlf iesdf ihsfb lgfAuxf Buwl cuwikaf hY.

eynIvf dy pMj bwcy hn aqy afpxy ipqf dy bfry ivwc AunHF nUM pqf hY. Aus nUM ies gwl df koeI aMdfjf nhI hY ik Aus ny ikMnIaF lVkIaf aqy aOrqf nUM grBvqI bxfieaf hY. Aus ny dwisaf ik nIsfjy ivwc Aus smyq 10 hfienf hn jo ik ijlHy dy sfry ipMzf ivwc hn. Aus nUM iewk vfr sYks krn leI krIb 200 qoN lY ky 500 rupey qwk imldy hn. iPr btlr dI mulfkfq pMjfh dI Aumr dy afly duafly dIaf aOrqf PfgIsI, kirsI aqy PYlIaf nfl hoeI ijnHF dy Auwqy afpxy ipMzF ivwc ies pMrprf nUM bxfey rwKx dI iMmydfrI hY. ieh AunHF dI iMmydfrI hY ik Auh hr sfl kYp ivwc jvfn huMdIaF lVkIaf nUM lY ky afAux aqy AunHF nUM ieh dwsIey ik AunHF nUM iewk pqnI dy qOr Auwqy ikvy rihxf hY aqy mrd nUM sYks df suwK ikvy dyxf hY.

Xon uwDIkrx ies pirkRIaf df afirI pVfa huMdf hY jo ik kuVI dy mf -bfp dI afpxI iewCf nfl afXoijq kIqf jfdf hY. pwqrkfr btlr ny jdo Aus dy sfhmxy Xon uwDIkrx dy kfrn bImfrIaf dy hox dy joKm df ijLkr kIqf qf Aus df kihxf sI ik cMgy cirwqr vfilaf nUM hI hfienf dy qOr Auwqy cuixaf jfdf hY ies leI Auh aYWcafeIvI jf eyzj qoN pIVHq nhI ho skdy hn. ies rsm dy muqfibk kMzom dy iesqymfl Auwqy vI rok hY aqy

ies qo ieh sf qOr AuWqy idsdf hY ik ies rsm dI vjHf nfl iewQoN dy lokf ivwc aYWcafeIvI df bhuq joKm hY. jdo eynIvf nUM aYWcafeIvI  dy bfry ivwc puwiCaf qf Aus ny dwisaf ik Auh aYWcafeIvI qoN pRBfivq hY lyikn ieh gwl jdo Aus nUM BfVy Auwqy sYks krn leI bulfieaf jfdf hY qf Auh lVkIaf dy mf-bfp nUM dsdf nhIN hY. Auh mMndf hY ik ies prMprf dI vjHf nfl eyzjL PYlx df joKm vDdf hY. ies rsm nUM inBfAux vfilaf nUM pqf hY ik igrjf Gr dy nfl-nfl bfhrI lok, aYWnjIE aqy srkfr vI ies rsm dy iKlfP hY.

          srkfr ny iesdy iKlfP iewk aiBafn vI clf rwiKaf hY. jYzr aqy vylPyar mMqrfly dI sQfeI skwqr zfktr mya fbf df kihxf hY ik asI ienHF lokf dI inMidaf nhI kr rhy hf sgo asI AunHF nUM ieh dws rhy hf ik AunHf nUM ibmfrIaF qoN bcx leI afpxI rsm nUM bdlx dI rUrq hY ikAuNik ies rsm nfl ibmfrIaF df Kqrf vDdf hY lVkIaF df sosLx huuMdf hY pr ies uielfky dy lok srkfr dI gwl suxn nUM iqafr nhIN hn.


jdoN ieMdrf gFDI ny vMz ky KfDI afpxI kurkurI iBMzI - ryhfn PjLl

sfl 1966 ivwc jdo ieMdrf gfDI Bfrq dI pRDfnmMqrI bxI qf Auh isr 48 sfl dI sI. AunHf dI ishq bhuq cMgI sI aqy iksy qrHf df rog nhI sI, ies leI urU dy iqMn mhIinaf ivwc AunHf ny afpxy leI koeI zfktr nhI rwiKaf. lyikn iewk idn jdo Auh iewk dOry qo vfps prq rhy sn, AunHf df jhf eyar tribAUlYNs ivwc Ps igaf ijs dI vjHf nfl AunHf dy nfl sPr kr rhy kuwJ lok afpxIaF sItf qoN izwg gey sn. iehnf ivco kuwJ nUM cotF lwgIaF aqy KUn inklx lwgf. AunHf lokf df mfmUlI ielfj vI nhI ho sikaf ikAuik pRDfnmMqrI dy jhfj ivwc koeI zfktr nhI sI. Audo ieh qYa kIqf igaf ik pRDfn mMqrI df afpxf inwjI zfktr hoxf cfhIdf hY ijsnUM AunHf dy nfl hmyf jfxf cfhIdf hY. zfktr ky pI mfQur dwsdy hn ik ieMdrf gfDI dy skwqr aYn ky yn ny sPdrjMg hspqfl dy pRDfn krnl afr zI awXr nUM Pon krky ieMdrf gfDI leI iewk kfibl zfktr dI mMg kIqI. svfl ieh AuWiTaf ik iewk cMgy zfktr ivwc kI KUbIaf hoxIaF cfhIdIaF hn. pihlI cIjL qf ieh ik AusnUM cMgf zfktr hoxf cfhIdf hY. dUsrf AusnUM afpxf mUMh KolHx jf zIgf mfrn dI afdq nhI hoxI cfhIdI hY aqy qIsrf ieh ik AusnUM qmIjdfr hoxf cfhIdf hY. zfktr mfQur nUM ienHF iqMnf ksOtIaf Auwqy Krf pfieaf igaf aqy AunHf nUM ieMdrf gfDI df inwjI zfktr bxf idwqf igaf.

Ausdy bfad zfktr mfQur df ieMdrf gfDI nfl imlx df jo islislf urU hoieaf qf Auh invyklf aqy Bfv iBMnf irhf. ies dOrfn AunHf nUM ieMdrf gfDI dy iensfnIaq pwK nUM njdIk qo dyKx df mOkf imilaf. afpxy zfktr dI nr ivwc ikho ijhI sI ieMdrf gfDI ? 18 sflf qwk ieMdrf gfDI dy injI zfktr rhy zf[ ky pI mfQur ny hfl hI ivwc pRkfiq afpxI ikqfb 'd ansIn ieMdrf gfDI QrU hr iPjIIaMs afeIjL' ivwc AunHf dy jIvn nfl juVIaF keI gwlf dwsIaF hn. afpxI ikqfb ivwc zfktr mfQur dwsdy hn, ieMdrf gfDI dy Gr ivwc do syvk sB qo purfxy sn, jo AunHf dy nfl afnMd Bvn dy jLmfny qo sn. ieMdrf gfDI AunHf nUM ielfhfbfdI lihjLy ivwc avDI ivwc gwl kiraf krdy sn. AunHf ivco rfm kumfrI AunHf nUM mYzm jf BYxjI nf kih ky BieXfjI kih ky pukfrdI sI. fied Auh Auh pRQf muqfibk sI ik prvfr ivwc pYdf hox vfly pihlf bwcy nUM, jykr Auh kuVI vI hovy, muMzy dI qrHf pfilaf jfdf sI. jdo sonIaf gfDI df rfjIv gfDI nfl ivafh hoieaf qf ieMdrf gfDI ny inrdy idwqy ik Gr ivwc hmyf ihMdI bolI jfvy qf ik ietlI qoN afeI sonIaf ies Bff nUM CyqI qoN CyqI iswK lvy.

mfQur Xfd krdy hn ik Bfrq ivwc vwK vwK dOiraf dy dOrfn ieMdrf gfDI hmyf kfr dI aglI sIt Auwqy zrfievr dy bl ivwc bYTdy sn qfik iafdf qo iafdf lok AunHf nUM vyK skx. rfq vyly Auh bYtrI vflI tfrc jgf ky afpxI god ivwc rwKdy sn qfik AusdI ronI AunHf dy ichry Auwqy pYdI rhy aqy lok AunHf nUM sOK nfl vyK skx. ieMdrf gfDI kdy vI bYWz tI nhI lYdy sn. nihrU vI kdy bYWz tI dI mMg nhI krdy sn. AunHf df idn bhuq hI sDfrx nfqy nfl urU huMdf sI. zbl rotI dIaF do slfiesF ijs ivwc nfmfqr mwKx lwgf huMdf sI, iewk awDf Aubilaf afzf, mOsmI Pl ijs ivwc ijafdfqr syb hoieaf krdf sI aqy duwD ivwc bxI kfI. idn df Kfxf pUrI qrHf nfl fkfhfrI huMdf sI. rfq ivwc kdy kdy mfsfhfrI Kfxf bxfieaf jfdf sI. rfjIv dy ivafh dy bfad sonIaf kdy-kdy kMntInYtl Kfxf bxfAudI sI ijsnUM ieMdrf gfDI bhuq psMd krdy sn. zfktr mfQur dwsdy hn ik ieMdrf jI dI rsoeI ivwc bnx vflI kurkurI iBMzI mYnUM bhuq psMd sI. mY jdo AunHf dy Gr ivwc mOjUd rihMdf sI qf aksr Auh mYnUM Kfx dI my Auwqy swd lYdy sn. iewk vfr plyt ivwc QoVHI hI kurkurI iBMzI bcI sI. mY AusnUM Kfx dI iewCf fihr kIqI qf ieMdrf jI ny rsoeIey nUM hor iBMzI ilafAux leI ikhf. QoVHI dyr bfad Ausny iefry nfl ikhf ik iBMzI qf qm ho geI hY.

ieMdrf gfDI ny qurMq afpxI plyt ivwc pihlf qoN prosI geI kurkurI iBMzI df iewk cwmc myrI plyt ivwc pf idwqf. mY bhuq ikhf ik mY iksy hor idn Kf lvfgf lyikn Auh nhI mMnI. mY bhuq iesrfr kIqf qf AunHf ny iewk cwmc iBMzI vfps afpxI plyt ivwc pf leI. mY AunHf df ieh PrfKidlI vyK ky acMiBwq ho igaf.

iewk vfr ldf dy dOry Auwqy iewk idlcsp Gtnf GtI. hoieaf ievy ik hfeI afltIitAUz rog qo bcx leI zfktr mfQur ny lyh ivwc Auwqrn qoN pihlf ieMdrf gfDI dy hYlIkfptr ivwc svfr sfry lokf nUM lYisks dI iewk iewk golI Kvf idwqI. ies golI df iewk pRBfv ieh huMdf hY ik Kfx vfly Ks nUM jldI jldI pyfb afAudf hY. mfQur dwsdy hn ik ieMdrf gfDI leI qf eyar Pors vfilaf ny hYlIkfptr ivwc hI tfielt jfx dI ivvsQf kr rwKI sI. lyikn ijvy hI hYlIkfptr ny lYz kIqf aqy Ausdf drvfjf KuwlHdy hI Aus ivwc svfr sfry lok afpxIaF pYtF dIaF ijwpF KolHdy hoey koeI konf Bflx Bwjy. AunHf ny Aus pRotokfl df vI pflx nhI kIqf ik hYlIkfptr dy lYz krn qoN sB qo pihlf pRDfn mMqrI hyTf AuqrdI hY. ieMdrf gfDI dI smJ ivwc nhI afieaf ik aijhf ikAu ho irhf hY? jdo zfktr mfQur ny AunHf nUM ies df aslI kfrn dwisaf qf Auh bhuq hwsI aqy zfktr mfQur nUM bolI ik qusI jfxbuwJ ky lokf nUM qMg krn leI ieh rfrq kIqI hY.

ieMidrf gfDI CuwtI dy idn lMc dy bfad kdy-kdy qf Kyizaf krdy sn. AunHf df psMdI dI Kyz sI 'kflI mym' ijsnUM Kyzxf zfktr mfQur nUM nhI afAudf sI. iewk idn AunHf ny afpxy stfP dy nfl aYkitMg df Kyz Kyizaf. ieMdr gFDI jI ny afpxy hwQ nfl ilK ky iewk jfr ivwc keI prcIaF pfeIaF. Aus CotI prcI ivwc jo iliKaf huMdf, AuwQy mOjUd Ks nUM Aus anusfr aYkitMg krnI pYdI. jdo ieMdrf gfDI dy iewk sfQI Xpfl kpUr ny CotI prcI kwZI qf Aus Auwqy iliKaf sI spyrf. AunHf ny spyry dI vIx vjfAudy hoey aYkitMg krky ivKfeI. zfktr mfQur dI CotI prcI ivwc inkilaf arb yK. AunHf ny awgf vyiKaf nf ipwCf, AuwQy pey iewk qOlIey nUM afpxy isr Auwqy lpyt ky arb hYzgIar vrgf bxfAux dI koi kIqI. iPr AunHf ny iewk cfdr nUM afpxy cfrf qrP lpyt ky arb gfAUn bxfieaf. ieMdrf gfDI smyq sfry lokf df ieh vyK ky hwsdy hwsdy BYVf hfl ho igaf. mfQur kihMdy hn, "AunHf ny myrI qrP iefrf krdy hoey ikhf ik irtfier hox dy bfad mY iewk QIeytr kMpnI KolHfgI aqy qusI Aus ivwc muwK aYktr df rol krogy."

1971 ivwc jdo Bfrq-pfiksqfn lVfeI urU hoeI qf ieMdrf gfDI kolkqf dy mYdfn ivwc Bfx dy rhy sn. mfQur kihMdy hn, jdo asI rfq dy bfrf vjy idwlI prqy qf mY AunHf nUM ikhf ik mY awj rfq quhfzy Gr ivwc rukxf cfhfgf. lyikn AunHf ny myrI gwl nhI mMnI aqy or dy ky ikhf ik mY afpxy Gr jfvF ikAuik myry Gr vfly pRysLfn hoxgy. mY iPr ieMdrf gfDI dy syvk nwQUrfm nUM ikhf ik qusI ibnf ieMdrf jI nUM dwsy myry rihx df ieMqfm pRDfn mMqrI invfs Auwqy kr idE.

mfQur awgy kihMdy hn ik mY AuQy hI rfq gufrI aqy svyry qVky afpxy Gr clf igaf. svyry awT vjy jdo mY vfps pRDfn mMqrI invfs Auwqy priqaf qf kI vyKdf hf ik ieMdrf gfDI afpxy hwQf nfl afpxy kmry dy dIvfn Auwqy cfdr ivCf rhy sn. AunHf ny muskrfAudy hoey myry qo puwiCaf rfq ikvy dI nId afeI? AunHf nUM pqf hI nhI sI ik mY Aus rfq AunHf dy Gr hI gufrI sI, ies zro ik pRDfn mMqrI nUM iksy dvfeI dI rUrq nf pY jfvy ikAuNik lVfeI kfrn Auh kfPLI qxfa ivwc sn.

mfQur dwsdy hn ik 1974 ivwc ijs idn Bfrq ny afpxI prmfxu pRIiKaf kIqI sI, Auh AunHf nUM dyKx pRDfn mMqrI invfs Auwqy puwjy. mfQur kihMdy hn ik mY jdo AuwQy awpiVaf qf nwQU rfm ny ikhf iswDy cly jfE, Auh afpxy kmry ivwc hY. jdo mY drvfjf TkTkfieaf qf AunHf ny ikhf afE jI. lyikn mYnUM vyKdy hI Auh pRysLfn ho geI. mY AunHf nUM nmskfr kIqf lyikn AunHf ny Ausdf jvfb nhI idwqf. mYnUM bYTx leI AunHf ny nhI ikhf. mY AunHf nfl kuwJ hwlkI PulkI gwl krn dI koi kIqI. lyikn AunHf ny myrI qrP koeI iDafn hI nhI idwqf. mY iewk cIj not kIqI ik AunHf dI nr vfr vfr tYlIPon Auwqy jf rhI sI ijvy Auh iksy Pon df ieMqjfr kr rhy hox. AuQy hI iewk not buwk rwKI hoeI sI ijs Auwqy hwQ nfl gfieqrI mMqr iliKaf hoieaf sI. QoVHI dyr ivwc mY pRysLfn ho igaf.mY ikhf ik iPr iksy hor idn afvfgf quhfzf cYWk ap krn. Auh Jwtpwt iesdy leI rfjI ho geI. AunHf ny afpxy afp awgy vwD ky bfhr jfx leI drvfjf Kol idwqf. mYnUM aijhf lgf ijvy Auh cfh rhy hox ik mY qurMq AuwQoN clf jfvf. bfad ivwc jdo ieh br afeI ik Bfrq ny poKrx ivwc afpxf pihlf prmfxU qjrbf kIqf hY qwd mYnUM aihsfs hoieaf ik Auh ikAu afpxy Gr ivwc mYnUM vyK ky pRysLfn ho gey sn ikAuik Aus smy Auh prmfxu tYst dy bfry ivwc afAux vfly Pon df ieMqjfr kr rhy sn aqy Auh kdy vI nhI cfhuMdy sn ik iesdI iBxk iksy hor nUM lwgy.

1977 ivwc jdo ieMdrf gfDI cox hfrI qf AunHf dy kol ikqy hor rihx leI koeI Gr nhI sI. afpxf puqYnI mkfn afnMd Bvn Auh rftr nUM pihlf hI smrpq kr cuwkI sI. AunHf dy iewk sihXogI muhMmd XUnus ny nf isrP afpxf Gr 12, ivilMgtn krYsyt AunHf dy leI KflI kr idwqf sgo afpxf rsoeIaf vI AunHf nUM dy idwqf. iesy dOrfn hirafxy dy sfbkf muwK mMqrI Bgvq idXfl rmf gMBIr rUp ivwc bImfr sn aqy eymj hsqpfl ivwc BrqI sI. AunHf ny ieMdrf gfDI nUM imlx dI iewCf ijqfeI. mfQur Xfd krdy hn ik Aus smy ieMdrf gfDI dy kol afpxI koeI kfr nhI sI. AunHf dy iewk jfxn vfly AunHf dy iesqymfl leI iewk kfr Byj idMdy sn. Bgvq idXfl rmf df sunyhf imldy hI ieMdrf gfDI afpxy Gr dy bfhr afeI. mY vI AunHf dy ipwCy ipwCy inkilaf. qwd qwk AunHf dy dosq dI kfr nhI phuMcI sI. kony ivwc myrI kfr KVI sI. AunHf ny myry qo puwiCaf kI asI ies kfr ivwc eyms cwl skdy hf. mY kfr nUM zrfeIv krdf hoieaf porc qwk lY afieaf. myrI CotI ijhI PIat kfr hoieaf krdI sI. mY AunHf dy bYTx leI kfr df ipwCy df drvfjf Kol idwqf. jdo mY zrfieivMg sIt dI qrPL jfx lgf qf AunHf ny puwiCaf kI quhfzf zrfievr nhI hY? mY jdo ikhf ik mY afpxI kfr afpxy afp clfAuNdf hf qf AunHf ny ikhf 'afeI kft trIt XU aYj ey zrfievr'. ieh kih ky Auh ipwCy dI sIt qoN Auwqr ky awgy myrI sIt dy bl ivwc afky bYT geI. mY AunHf nUM lY ky eymj lY igaf ijwQy AunHf ny Bgvq dXfl rmf df AunHf df hflcfl puwiCaf. Audo AunHf nUM pqf lwgf ik Ausy hspqfl ivwc mhUr fier iPrfk gorKpurI vI BrqI hn qF Auh AunHf nUM vI dyKx geI. myry leI bhuq mfx dI gwl sI ik Bfrq dI sfbkf pRDfnmMqrI myry vrgy adny zfktr dI CotI ijhI PIat ivwc awgy vflI sIt Auwqy myry bgl ivwc bYT ky ibnf iksy qfm Jfm aqy surwiKaf dy eymjL geI sI. zfktr ky pI mfQur dI ieMdrf gfDI nfl afirI mulfkfq AunHf dI mOq qoN kuwJ imMt pihlf hoeI sI. mfQur Xfd krdy hn ik mY hmyf dI qrHf AunHf nUM dyKx svyry awT vjy AunHf dy Gr awpiVaf sI. mYnUM lgf ik AunHf nUM jukfm hox vflf sI. ies leI mY AunHf nUM kuwJ golIaf idwqIaF. Aus smy dUrdrn dI iewk mykap prsn kfqf BfrqI AunHf df mykap krn afeI hoeI sI ikAuik QoVHI dyr bfad AunHf nUM mhUr QIeytr prsnfltI pItr AusqInov nUM iewk ieMtrivAU dyxI sI. jd AunHf df mykap ho hI irhf sI qf mY ievy hI kuwJ gwl krn leI ikhf ik mY tfiem mYgjIn ivwc piVHaf hY ik amrIkf dy rftrpqI ronlz rIgn tIvI ieMtrivAU qoN pihlf mykap nhI krvfAudy hn. ieMdrf jI ny ikhf ieh gwl TIk nhI hY. mY qf ieh suixaf hY ik ieMtrivAU idMdy smyN AunHf dy kMn ivwc eIarPon lwgy huMdy hn ijs nfl AunHf dy sfQI dwsdy rihMdy hn ik AunHf ny iks svfl df iks qrHf nfl jvfb dyxf hY.

ieMdrf gfDI nUM iml ky zfktr mfQur afpxy hspqfl leI inkly hI sn ik ieMdrf dy iskAUirtI gfrzF ny AunHf Auwqy golIaF clf idwqIaF. jdo qwk zfktr mfQur eyms puwjy qF ieMdrf gfDI ies dunIaf qoN dUr jf cuwky sn.

 


lMdnqoV isMG qoN rfjnIqI dy cfxwikaf qwk!!

jdo 'surjIq sfbx aqy brYWz' nfl ijMdf irhf ikAUbf

- ryhfn Pjl

pMjfbI rUp: prmjIq sMDU

 

23 mfrc 1932 nUM hId Bgq isMG df pihlf hIdI idn sI. huiafrpur kfgrs kmytI ny Goxf kIqI sI ik kmytI ies mOky `qy hiafrpur dI kichrI Auwqy kfgrs df JMzf JulfvygI. lyikn jdo kfgrs nyqfvf ny suixaf ik POj nUM swd ilaf igaf hY qf AunHf ny afpxf progrfm rwd kr idwqf. 16 sfl dy hrikn isMG surjIq ny jdo ies df kfrn puwiCaf qf AunHf nUM dwisaf igaf ik srkfr dy vwlo afdy idwqf igaf hY ik jo vI JMzf JulfAux dI koi krygf Aus nUM golI nfl Auwzf idwqf jfvygf.

          surjIq dy poqy sMdIp isMG bwsI kihMdy hn, "pRogrfm dy rwd hox Auwqy surjIq ny inrfjLgI jLfihr kIqI. ies Auwqy AuwQy mOjUd iewk kfgrsI nyqf ny ikhf ik jykr qUM ienHf hI bhfdur hYN qf afpxy afp hI jf ky JMzf Julfdy. surjIq ny lMmf kuVqf pfieaf hoieaf sI. AunHf ny JMzy nUM Aus ivwc iCpfieaf. qyjI nfl pOVIaf cVHdy hoey Auwqy puwjy aqy XUnIan jYk nUM Auqfr ky kfgrs df JMzf Julf idwqf. surjIq nUM igRPqfr kr ilaf igaf aqy agly idn jdo mijstryt ny AunHf df nfm puwiCaf qf AunHf ny jvfb idwqf myrf nfm lMdnqoV isMG hY". surjIq nUM ies gusqfI leI iewk sfl dI sjLf suxfeI geI sI.

          bhuq Gwt lokf nUM pqf hY ik hrikn isMG surjIq ny afpxI jnmimqI afpxy afp cuxI sI. mfrksvfdI kimAuinst pfrtI dy mhFsicv sIqfrfm XycurI dwsdy hn ik Aus jmfny ivwc jnmimqI df irkfrz nhI rwiKaf jfdf sI. iqAuhfrF dy afDfr Auwqy jnmimqI inrDfrq huMdI sI. jdo dsvI dI prIiKaf afeI qf AunHf nUM afpxI jnmimqI dwsx leI ikhf igaf. AunHfny afpxI mf qo puwiCaf lyikn AunHf nUM iesdy bfry ivwc pqf nhI sI. AunHf ny afpxy hIro Bgq isMGdy hIdIidn 23 mfrc nUM afpxI jnmimqI cuixaf aqy AusnUM frm ivwc ilKvf idwqf. Audo qoN hux qwk 23 mfrc nUM hI AunHf df jnmidn mnfieaf jfdf hY.

          iewk vfr jvfhr lfl nihrU Bfx dyx surjIq dy ipMz afey. afm sBf qoN iewk idn pihlf puils ny sBf vflI styj aqy afs pfs dy QF nUM afpxy kby ivwc lY ilaf. surjIq dy Kyqf ivwc jOa dI Psl bIjI hoeI sI. agly idn jdo lok suwqy AuwTy qf AuwQy fimafny aqy drIaf ivCIaF vyK ky hYrfn rih gey. rfq nUM hI surjIq ny afrQk nuksfn dI prvfh nf krdy hoey Psl nUM AujfV ky Kyqf nUM pwDrf kr idwqf sI qf ik AuwQy afm sBf ho sky. Auh afm sBf hoeI aqy nihrU ny jbrdsq Bfx idwqf.

          surjIq dI srlqf aqy sptqf AunHf nUM hor BfrqI nyqfvf qo vwK krdI sI. AunHf dy korypn df svfd qqkflIn rUsI rftrpqI imKfiel gorbfcov ny cwiKaf sI. XycurI Xfd krdy hn, "1987 ivwc rUsI kRfqI dI 70vIN brsI dy mOky Auwqy dunIaf Brdy kimAuinst nyqf mfsko ivwc iekwTy hoey sn. rfq dy Bojn dy smy jdo AunHf dI jfx pihcfx gorbfcov nfl krvfeI jf rhI sI qf AunHf ny nMbUdrIpfd aqy myry sfhmxy gorbfcov nUM ikhf sI ik AunHf df isDfq glq hY aqy Auh afAux vfly idnf ivwc kMimAuinst aMdoln nUM pUrI dunIaf ivwc ptVI qo Auqfr dyvygf. AuwQy mOjUd keI kimAuinst nyqf iesy qrHf dI soc rwKdy sn lyikn aijhf kih skx dI iksy dI ihMmq nhI pY rhI sI. gorbfcov surjIq dI gwl sux ky hwky bwky rih gey sn aqy afpxf isr ihlfAux lwgy sn."

          Gwt Aumr ivwc hI surjIqdf ivafh pRIqm kOr nfl ho igaf sI. surjIq jdo afpxI mfdy nfl dulhn nUM Gr ilaf rhy sn qf puils nUM AunHf dy afAux dI iBxk lwg geI sI. surjIq dI pqnI pRIqm kOr jo ies smy 92 sfl dI hY, Xfd krdI hY, "ivafhdy bfad asI lok qfgy `qy Gr prq rhy sF qFipMz df rsqf 12-15 iklomItr df sI. rsqy ivwc puils AunHfnUM PVn af geI. AunHfny ikhf awj hI sfzf ivafh hoieaf hY. qusI ieMnI iejfjqdy idE ik mY afpxI pqnI nUM Gr Cwz ky af jfvf. mYnUM Gr Cwzxdy bfad puils ny AunHf nUM igrPqfr kr ilaf. kuwJ idnf bfad jdo mY AunHf nUM imlx jylH geI qf Auh mYnUM pihcfx hI nhI sky. myrI nnfx ny AunHf nUM dwisaf ik mY AunHf dI pqnI hf".

          1991 ivwc sovIaq sMGdy tuwtxdy bfad jdo ikAUbf dI afrQk hflq rfb ho geI qf AunHfny pfrtI vwloikAUbf nUM ds hjfr tn kxk iBjvfAux df bIVf cuwikaf sI. sIqfrfm XycurI Xfd krdy hn, "ieh kMm kfmryz surjIq hI kr skdy sn. AunHfny jdo vyiKaf ik sovIaq sMG ibKr igaf hY. ikAUbf dI hflq bhuq gMBIrsI ikAuik AunHf dI pUrI mflI hflq sovIaq sMG Auwqy inrBr sI. ikAUbf dy Auwqy rokF lgIaF hoeIaf sn ijsdy kfrn Auh afpxf sfmfn dunIaf ivwc ikqy hor nhI Byj skdy sn. Aus smy AunHf nUM mdd dI sq rUrq sI.AunHfdykol nhfAux leI sfbx nhI sI aqy nf hI KfxleI kxk." XycurI awgy dwsdy hn, "kfmryz surjIq ny aYlfn kr idwqf ik Auh ds hjfr tn kxk ikAUbf nUM Byjxgy. AunHf ny lokf qoN anfj jmf kIqf aqy pYsy jmf kIqy. Aus jmfny ivwc nrisMhf rfEdI srkfr sI. AunHf dI koif nfl pMjfb dIaf mMzIaf qoN iewk ivy tRyn kolkqf bMdrgfh ByjI geI. mYnUM hux qwk Xfd hY Aus ip df nfm sI kYirbIan ipRMsj. AunHf ny nrisMhf rfE nUM ikhf ik asIN ds hjfr tn kxk Byj rhy hf qf srkfr vI ienHy df hI Xogdfn dyvy. srkfr ny vI ieMnI hI kxk idwqI aqy kxk nfl ds hjfr sfbx vI Byjy gey. AuwQy jdo jhfjL awpiVaf qf Aus nUM irsIv krn leI PIdyl kfsqro ny Kfs qOr `qy surjIq nUM bulvfieaf. Aus mOky Auwqy kfsqro ny ikhf ik 'surjIq sop aqy surjIq brYWz' nfl ikAUbf ijMdf rhygf kuwJ idnf qwk.

          surjIq dI pqnI pRIqm kOr Xfd krdI hY ik AunHfnUM isrP pVHn ilKx df Ok sI. iPlmf afid Auh nhI vyKdy sn. Auh dwsdI hY, "iewk hI iPlm mYnUM Xfd hY jo mY AunHf dy nfl vyKI sI aqy Auh sI mdr ieMizaf. iewk awDI vfr Auh mYnUM ivdy lY ky jrUr gey sn. mYnUM Xfd hY iewk vfr asI cIn gey sn aqy iewk vfr svIzn. AunHfdykol iewk Cotf ryzIE hoieaf krdf sI ijs dy nfl Auh idn ivwc do vfr bIbIsI ryzIE suixaf krdy sn."

 

hriksLn isMG surjIq afpxI pqnI pRIqm kOr nfl

 

          1996 ivwc jdo joqI bfsU nUM pRDfn mMqrI bxfAux df pRsqfv afieaf qf AunHf ny Aus df smrQn kIqf sI. lyikn jdo pfrtI ivwc Ausdf ivroD hoieaf qf AunHf ny apxI rfey Aus dy Auwqy QopI nhI sI. sIqfrfm XycurI Xfd krdy hn, "XUaYWP dI mIitMg qoN prq ky surjIq ny ikhf ik joqI bfsuU nUM pRDfn mMqrI bxfAux df iewk DVy vwlo pRsqfv afieaf hY. AunHfdf mMnxf sI ik sfnUM ieh pRsqfv mMnlYxf cfhIdf hY lyikn sYNtrl kmytI ny qYa kIqf ik sfnUM ieh pRsqfv nhI mMnxf cfhIdf hY. jdo surjIq ies PYsly dI sUcnf dyx XUaYWP dI bYTk ivwc gey qf mYnUM vI afpxy nfl lY gey. jdo asI krnftk Bvn puwjy qf AuwQy mOjUd sB lok ieh sux ky bhuq nrfj hoey. Auh surjIq aqy bfsU nUM kuwJ kih nhI skdy sn. ies leI AunHf ny sfrf guwsf myry Auwqy Auqfiraf aqy mYnUM kfI gflf peIaf."

XycurI awgy dwsdy hn, "AunHf ny ikhf ies PYsly Auwqy dubfrf ivcfr hovy. asI dubfrf sYNtrl kmytI dy kol afey. jdo qwk bhuq sfry lok jf cuwky sn lyikn AunHf ny dubfrf ikhf ik joqI bfsU nUM pRDfn mMqrI df pd nhI sMBflnf cfhIdf hY. sf hY ienHF dohF PYsilaF qoN Ku nhI sn lyikn AunHf ny kimAUinst ispfhI dI qrHf Aus PYsly nUM mMinaf. "

pfrtI dy ienHy vwzy pdf Auwqy kMm krn aqy ikMg mykr dI BUimkf inBfAux dy bfvjUd surjIq aMq qwk iewk sDfrx iksfn dI qrHf rhy. sIqfrfm XycurI nUM AunHf dy nfl keI vfr ivdyf ivwc sMmylnf ivwc Bfg lYx jfxf huMdf sI. XycurI kihMdy hn, "Auh roj svyry myrf drvfjf KtKtf ky kihMdy sn ik cfh iqafr hY ijsnUM Auh gIjrdy pfxI nfl tI bYg pf ky afpxy afp iqafr krdy sn. svyry dI cfh dy ibnf AunHf df isstm kMm nhI krdf sI aqy ies cfh Auwqy hI asI lok idn Brdy kMmf dI Xojnf bxfAudy sF.

 


aijhy dy vI hn jo aslIaq ivwc hY hI nhIN hn!

mUl lyiKk: zyivz rfbsn

pMjfbI rUpaFqr: prmjIq sMDU

        qusIN dunIaf dy qmfm dyF dy nfm suxy hoxgy ijnHF nUM sMXukq rftr sMG vwloN mfnqf imlI hoeI hY. ieh dy afps ivwc kfrobfr krdy hn aqy smJOqy krdy hn. mgr dunIaf ivwc aijhy vI dy hn, ijnHF df nfm-pqf quhfnUM pqf hI nhIN aqy ijnHF dy bfry ivwc qusIN suixaf hI nhIN. ho skdf hY ik jfxy axjfxy ivwc qusI iehnF ivcoN koeI dy GuMm vI afey hovo. quhfnUM XkIn Bly hI nf hovy lyikn dunIaf ivwc aijhy bhuq sfry ielfky hn ijwQy rihx vfly vwKry dy dy nfgirk hox df dfavf krdy hn. keIaF dy afpxy JMzy hn, afpxI krMsI hY aqy afpxf tYks df isstm hY. aijhy dy amrIkf qoN lY ky afstrylIaf qwk PYly hoey hn. ieh gwl hor hY ik ienHF nUM nfN sMXukq rftr mfnqf idMdf hY, nf dUsry dy. nfm suxygo qF cONk jfEgy. kuwJ aijhy mulkF dy nfm suxo. altfnIam, kirstInIaf, ielgflYNz-vrgflYNz.

        ieMglYNz dI afksPorz XUnIvristI ivwc BUgol pVfAux vfly, inwk imzltn ny iewk ikqfb ilKI hY, ijsdf nfm hY, 'aYn aYtls afP kMtrIj dYt zONt aYgijst'. ies ivwc qmfm aijhy dyF df ijLkr hY jo afpxI pihcfx dI jMg lV rhy hn aqy afpxy afp nUM afjLfd Goiq kIqf hoieaf hY. ijnHF dy kol afpxI krMsI hY, srkfr hY aqy JMzf vI hY. hflFik ienHF nUM koeI hor mfnqf nhIN idMdf. ienHF dyF ny afpxf vwK hI 'sMXukq rftr sMG' vI bxf ilaf hY aqy ieh Aus dy mYNbr hn ijs nUM 'anrIprijLntyitv XUnfeItz nysLn' afiKaf jFdf hY.

        imzltn nUM aijhy dyF dy bfry ivwc idlcspI qwd hoeI, jdoN Auh afpxI DI dy nfl ikwsy khfxIaF dy dy 'nfrnIaf' dy bfry ivwc pV rhy sn ijsdf ijLkr mhUr aMgry lyKk sI aYs lueIs dI ikqfb 'd lfien, d ivwc aYNz d vfrzrob' ivwc afieaf sI. BUgol pVHn pVfAux vfly ink nUM ies khfxI qoN aijhy dyF dI Koj-KLbr lYx dI suwJI, jo dUsiraF dI nr ivwc hY hI nhIN aqy ijvyN hI AunHF ny aijhy dyF dI qlf urU kIqI, mMn lAu AunHF dy hwQ iewk vwzf Kjfnf hI lwg igaf. aijhy byumfr dy hn ijnHF dI hoNd nUM mMinaf nhIN jFdf. ies leI imzltn dI ikqfb ivwclI jgHf vI Gwt pY geI. asl ivwc iesdI vwzI vjHf hY dy dI pirBff. imzltn ny jdoN Koijaf qF dyiKaf ik iewk mulk kI huMdf hY, ies dI TIk-TIk koeI pirBff, rUp-ryKf hI qYa nhIN. kuwJ lokF ny AunHF nUM 1933 ivwc lYitn amrIkI dy Aurugvy dy mONtyvIzIE ihr ivwc amrIkI dyF dy iewk sMmyln (kfnPrMs) df hvflf idwqf. iesdy muqfbk, iksy ielfky nUM qwd iewk dy mMinaf jFdf hY, jdoN Ausdf inXq Kyqr hovy, qYa jnsMiKaf hovy, iewk srkfr hovy aqy dUsry dyF dy nfl smJOqy krn dI smrwQf hovy.

        ies pYmfny nfl nfpIey qF keI qF aijhIaF QfvF hn jo dy qF mMny jfxgy mgr sMXukq rftr sMG AunHF nUM mfnqf nhIN idMdf. msln, qfievfn nUM hI lvo. 1971 qwk ies nUM dy dI mfnqf imlI sI. lyikn Aus sfl jdoN cIn sMXukq rftr sMG df ihwsf bixaf qF qfievfn qoN dy hox df drjf Kuws igaf.

        gryt brItyn (brqfnIaF) df kys vI ies qrHF dI Audfhrx hY. dy dI pirBff dy ZFcy ivwc ieh vI iPt nhIN bYTdf. hux gryt brItyn ivwc ieMglYNz, skftlYNz, vylj aqy AuWqrI afierlYNz vwK vwK rfj mMny jFdy hn. iehnF dIaF afpxIaF vwK vwK tImF hn. Pwutbfl dIaF ieMtrnYsLnl lIgF hn aqy keI KyzF ivwc ieh dysL iewk dUsry dy mukfbly Auqrdy hn. lyikn sMXukq rftr sMG ivwc ienHF sfiraf nUM imlfky iewk dy df drjf imilaf hY. ink imzltn kihMdy hn ik 1933 dy mONntyvIzE smJOqy dI pirBff dy ihsfb nfl qF ieMglYNz vI iewk dy nhIN hY.

        ies leI AunHF ny aijhy dyF AuWqy Poks kIqf, jo mOntyvIzE smJOqy dy pYmfny AuWqy qF mulk hn, mgr sMXukq rftr sMG AunHF nUM mfnqf nhIN idMdf. ink ny aijhy dyF dI jo ilst bxfeI hY, AunHF ivcoN kuwJ dy nfm qF qusIN pwky suxy hoxgy. ijvyN qfievfn, iqwbq, grInlYNz, aqy AuWqrI sfiepRs. ienHF dy mukfbly aijhy nfm hn ijnHF dy nfmF nUM Gwt hI jfixaf jFdf hY lyikn AuQoN dy lokF dy ierfidaF daF ivwc koeI kmI nhIN aqy AunHF dIaF AumIdF `qy koeI rok Jok nhIN hY.

        ijvyN amrIkf ivwc hY lkotf irpbilk. ies dI jnsMiKaf iewk lwK hY. dunIaf dy sB qoN qfkqvr mulk amrIkf dI aYn CfqI AuWqy lwq rwKkyy KVy hn ieh lok, jo ik lsotf isEks jnjfqI dy hn. ieh KLud nUM vwKry dy dy vsnIk mMndy hn. amrIkI lok ienHF lokF nUM afpxy lflc df ikfr bxfAuNdy rihMdy hn. ienHF lokF dy puriKaF ny 1868 ivwc amrIkf nfl smJOqf kIqf sI ijs dy muqfibk ienHF nUM rfkI phfV lVI dy 'blYk ihljL' ielfky ivwc rihx dI iejfjLq imlI sI. pr AunIvIN sdI ivwc sony dI qlf ivwc afey amrIkIaF ny iehnF dIaF AumIdF aqy hwkF nUM kucl idwqf sI aqy amrIkI srkfr vI afpxf bcn Buwl geI. awj qoN krIb zyZ sO sfl qoN lkotf jnjfqI dy lok afpxy hwk leI qfkqvr amrIkI srkfr nfl lV rhy hn.

        1998 ivwc amrIkI supRIm kort ny ies jnjfqI dy lokF nUM julm df ikfr dwsky ienHF dy leI hrjfny dI rkm qYa kIqI sI jo ik 600 imlIan zflr sI. lyikn lkotf jnjfqI dy lokF ny ikhf AunHF dy leI ieh rkm lYxf, julm nUM jfiejL TihrfAux vrgf hovygf aqy AunHF ny ieh rkm leI hI nhIN sI. AunHF dI lVfeI ipCly krIb zyZ sO sflF qoN jfrI hY. 2007 ivwc ienHF lokF ny amrIkf qoN ajLfd hox leI vfisLgtn qwk iewk vwzf ros mfrc kIqf sI.

        aijhf hI iewk hor dy hY aPrIkf ivwc. ijsdf nfm hY broqslYNz ijsdI afbfdI hY krIb pYNqI lwK hY.hux ies ielfky dy lok jLFbIaf qoN vwK hox dI lVfeI lV rhy hn. aPrIkf ivwc aijhf hI dUjf dy hY EgonIlYNz, ijwQy dy lok nfiejIrIaf qoN vwK hoxf cfhuMdy hn. broqslYNz aqy EgonIlYNz, donF ny sfl 2012 ivwc KLud nUM afjfd Goiq kr idwqf sI.

        AuQy hI afstryilaf ivwc sfl 2013 ivwc murfvrI nfm dy iewk nvyN dy df aYlfn kIqf igaf sI. jdoN afstrylIaf dI iewk jnjfqI dy lokF ny ieMglYNz dI mhfrfxI aYiljbQ dUsrI nUM Kq iliKaf aqy ikhf ik AunHF AuWqy fsn krn df afpxf hwk Auh iewk mhIny ivwc jfiej sfbq kry. sf hY Kq df jvfb nhIN sI afAuxf aqy nhIN afieaf qF ies jnjfqI dy lokF ny KLud nUM afjLfd krfr idwqf.

        AuNJ ink imzltn dI ikqfb ivwc fiml hr dy df aijhf fndfr ieiqhfs nhIN. keI qF aijhy hn jo isrP kuwJ lokF dI snk dI vjHf nfl hoNd ivwc afey. afstrylIaf ivwc hI aijhf dy hox df dfavf krdf hY KyqIbfVI krn vfly prvfr df iewk gruwp. KyqI krn vfly ienHF prvfrF ny afpxy dy df nfm 'hwt irvr' rwiKaf hY. ieh iksfn afstrylIaf srkfr nfl PslF dy koty nUM lY ky nrfjL sn. AunHF ny acfnk iewk idn KLud nUM afstrylIaf qoN afjfd hox df aYlfn kr idwqf. afpxI krMsI bxf leI, afpxI zfk syvf urU kr idwqI, iewQy qwk ik fhI AupfDIaF vI vMzx lwgy. imzltn dwsdy hn ik ies Coty ijhy dy ivwc 'stYNp' zfk itktF df kfrobfr cmk AuiTaf hY. iewQoN qwk ky kYnyzf df post afiPs vI ies Coty ijhy dysL qoN stYNpF CpvfAuNdf irhf hY. ieh hI nhIN 'hwt irvr' dysL dI zfk kYnyzf rfhIN hI hornF QfvF nUM jFdI qy afAuNdI rhI hY. hfl ieh hY ik afstrylIaf srkfr ny vI Qwk hfrky AunHF nUM AunHF dy hfl AuWqy Cwz idwqf. hux Auh afstryIlaf dI srkfr nUM tYks vI adf nhIN krdy.

        XUrp ivwc vI aijhy keI dy hn. ijvyN skftlYNz dy nyVy siQq YtlYNz tfpU AuWqy vsfieaf igaf dy Pfrivk, brIit smuMdrI qwt dy nyVy siQq sIlYNz aqy zYnmfrk dI rfjDfnI kopnhygn dy TIk ivwckfr siQq kirsitnIaf. kirsitnIaf nfm df jo dy hY, AusdI kul afbfdI 850 hY. 1971 ivwc kopnhygn ivwc kuwJ lokF ny POj dI iewk purfxI bYrk AuWqy kbf kr ilaf aqy KLud nUM afjfd mulk Goiq kr idwqf, ijs ivwc hr PYsly AuWqy hr nfgirk nUM vot dyx df hwk hfsl hY. hY nf iek idlcsp dy. hux aijhy dy df koeI kry vI qF kI. zYnmfrk dI srkfr ny vI AunHF nUM AunHF dy hfl AuWqy Cwz idwqf hY. iewQy dy lokF nUM zYnmfrk dy bfkI lokF dy mukfbly kuwJ ijLafdf affdI hfsl hY. msln iewQy dy lok gFjf pI skdy hn, jdoN ik bfkI zYnmfrk ivwc ies AuWqy rok hY.

        aijhy qmfm dyF dy bfry ivwc jfxkfrI iekwTI krdy krdy ink imzltn nUM vI iehnF ivcoN kuwJ dy pRqI hmdrdI ho geI hY. Auh kihMdy hn ik lwKF lokF leI ieh ijMdgI aqy mOq df svfl hY. afjfdI nfl jIx df svfl hY. jo virHaF qoN julm shfr rhy hn mgr AunHF ny AumId df dfmn nhIN Cwizaf. awj vI AunHF ivwc affdI leI qV hY. hflFik ink mMndy hn ik iehnF ivcoN ijafdfqr dIaF AumIdF df prvfn cVHnf mukl hY. kuwJ hI hn ijnHF dy affdI dy spny dy hkIkq ivwc bdln dI AumId hY. ijvyN zYnmfrk dy kbjLy vflf grInlYNz, ijs nUM inwjI Kyqr (sYlP rUl) df drjf iml cuwikaf hY. afm qOr AuWqy ieh affdI dI idf ivwc pihlf kdm huMdf hY.

        hflFik ibnF pihcfx vfly ieh dy mnuwKqf dy leI keI vwzy svfl KVy krdy hn. svfl ieh ik afiKr iks ny iks nUM ieh hwk idwqf ik jLmIn dy iewk tukVy AuWqy lkIr iKwcI aqy aYlfn kr idwqf ik ieh iewk dy hY. afiKr ikAuN nhIN sB iensfn iml-julky rih skdy. ijvyN aMtfrktIkf mhFdIp. ijs ivwc koeI iewk dy nhIN. dunIaf dy qmfm dy imlky Aus nUM sFJf krdy hn.

        iek svfl ink imzltn dI ikqfb dy afiKLrI pMinaF ivwc AuTdf hY ik do aijhy dy hn jo dy dI pirBff nUM hI cuxoqI idMdy hn. afstrylIaf ivwc aijhf hI mulk hY atlFtIam. ies dI rfjDfnI kfnkfrzIaf ivwc iensfnF qoN ijLafdf kMgfrU rihMdy hn. mgr atlFtIam dI koeI srhwd nhIN. mqlb ikqy vI, koeI vI iesdf nfgirk bx skdf hY. ies dysL dI vYWb sfeIt `qy hyT idwqf 'sunyhf' iliKaf hoieaf jo hUbhU Cfipaf jf irhf hY.

("In an age where people increasingly are unified by common interests and purposes across - rather than within - traditional national boundaries, Atlantium offers an alternative to the discriminatory historic practice of assigning nationality to individuals on the basis of accidents of birth or circumstance.")

        aijhf hI iewk hor dy hY ielgflYNz-vrgflYNz. ies dI nINh do svIiz klfkfrF ny rwKI sI. ies mulk dI pirBff qF hor vI ivafpk hY. ieh Aus ielfky AuWqy afpxf dfavf krdf hY, jo iksy hor dy df ihwsf nhIN. ijvyN do dyF dIaF sImfvF dy ivwclI 'no mYn lYNz'. ies qrHF smMdr ivwc vI ieh dy Aus ihwsy AuWqy dfavf krdf hY jo iksy aqy dy dI smuMdrI sImf ivwc nhIN afAuNdy. ies ilhf nfl qF qusI vI keI vfr ies dy ivwc GuMmky af cuwky hovygy aqy quhfnUM pqf vI nhIN lwgf hovygf. imzltn nUM ielgflYNz-vrgflYNz, iksy khfxIaF dy dy nfrnIaf vrgf lwgdf hY, ijs dy ikwsy pVHn nfl hI aijhy dyF dI qlf urU hoeI sI.

        Auh mMndy hn ik aijhy dy Bly hI affdI hfsl nf kr skx, mgr ienHF ny aMqrrftrI pwDr AuWqy iewk bihs nUM qF jnm dy hI idwqf hY ik mnuwKqf ny KLud nUM ijs qrHF mulkF dy pYmfny ivwc bMn ilaf hY, isrP Auh vI pirBff hI TIk nhIN hY. ienHF dyF dy bfry ivwc pVHky iewk gwl qF pwky qOr AuWqy khI jf skdI hY. dunIaf bdl rhI hY aqy lgfqfr bdlI jf rhI hY. ieh iksny soicaf sI ik qfkqvr sovIaq sMG iewk idn tuwtky ibKr jfvygf.

        ho skdf hY awgy clky cOkf dyx vfly bdlfa hox. purfxy dyF dy twutx aqy nvyN dyF dy jnm lYx df islislf lgfqfr cwl irhf hY. qF ho skdf hY ik BivwK ivwc aijhy qmfm ielfky dyF ivwc qbdIl ho jfx ijnHF df asIN nfm qwk nf suixaf hovy.

not:- inwk imzltn dI ieh ikqfb trONto lfiebryrI ivwc vI AuplbD hY aqy 'aYmfjon zft kfm' qoN vI KrIdI jf skdI hY. sMpfdk

 


Bfrq df ikMnf vwzf mddgfr hY iesrfeIl?

- alvfiet inMgQfAujm (rxnIqk ivlyk)

Bfrq aqy iesrfeIl dy ivwc qyjLI nfl vwD rhy rxnIqk sbMDF AuWqy gwl krnf hux tYbU nhIN irhf. meI, 2014 ivwc hoeIaF lok sBf coxF ivwc BfrqI jnqf pfrtI dI joLrdfr ijwq dy bfad, Bfrq aqy iesrfeIl dy sMbMD nvIaF AucfeIaF qwk phuMc gey hn. donF dyF ivwc swjy pwKI pfrtIaF, ijwQy BfrqI jnqf pfrtI aqy iesrfeIl ivwc ilkuz, dIaF srkfrF hn. donF ivwc ivcfrDfrf dy pwDr AuWqy keI smfnqfvF hn ijnHF ny donF dyF dy afpsI sbMDF nUM ivsQfr idwqf hY. Bfrq ivwc cox nqIjf afAux qoN pihlF hI anumfn lgfieaf jf irhf sI ik donF dyF dy ivwc rwiKaf sOdy, Kfskr POjI kfrobfr nUM bVfvf imlygf, ijs qrHF dy POjI smJOqy hoey hn, Auh iesdI putI vI krdy hn. pihlF dI qrHF, hux donF dyF dy nyqf mOjUdf iriqaF dI mbUqI dy bfry ivwc gwl krn ivwc iJjkdy mihsUs nhIN krdy hn. Bfrq ivwc iesrfeIlI rfjdUq zYnIal kfrmon ny ipCly sfl mfrc ivwc donF dyF dy ivwc vwD rhy POjI smJOqy dy bfry ivwc ikhf sI, sfnUM nf qF sMkoc hY aqy nf hI asI rimMdf hF. AuQy hI iesrfeIlI fnf-mMqrI moy XflUn ny bIqy sfl PrvrI ivwc Bfrq df dOrf kIqf sI. AunHF ny ies dOrfn mMinaf sI ik iesrfeIl dy POjI AudXog dy ilhf nfl Bfrq mhwqvpUrx hY. AunHF ny Bfrq dy nfl qknIkI Xogqf aqy muhfrq nUM sFJf krn dI iewCf vI pRgt kIqI sI. AunHF dI ies Xfqrf nfl donF dyF  dy ivwc srkfrI aqy inwjI sYktr ivwc hiQafrF dy Auqpfdn nUM Pfiedf hox dI AumId kIqI jf rhI hY. 1990 dhfky qoN hI Bfrq aqy iesrfeIl dy ivwc POjI sMbMD sB qoN aihm rhy hn. bIqy iewk dhfky dy dOrfn donF dyF dy ivwc krIb 670 arb rupey df kfrobfr hoieaf hY. mOjUdf smyN ivwc Bfrq sflfnf krIb 67 arb qoN 100 arb rupey dy POjI Auqpfd iesrfeIl qoN afXfq kr irhf hY. ieh aFkVy qwd hor vI mhwqvpUrx lwgx lwgdy hn jdoN Aus scfeI dy vwl iDafn jFdf hY ik donF dyF dy ivwc isafsqI sbMDF dI uruafq jnvrI 1992 ivwc hoeI sI. donF dyF dy ivwc irqy nUM mbUqI dyx ivwc iesrfeIl dI hiQafr vycx dI iewCf vI rhI hY. ies ivwc 1999 dy kfrigl lVfeI dy dOrfn iesqymfl kIqy gey lyjLr gfeIzz bMb aqy mnuwKrihq hvfeI jhfjL fiml rhy hn. sMkt dy smyN Bfrq dy isPfrsL AuWqy iesrfeIl dI qurMq pRqIikraf ny Aus nUM Bfrq leI BrosymMd hiQafrF dI pUrqI krn vfly dy dy qOr AuWqy sQfpq kIqf aqy ies qoN donF dyF dy irqy kfI mbUq hoey hn. Pfietr eyarkrfPtF nUM jykr Cwz idE qF iesrfeIl ny Bfrq nUM kuwJ aihm hiQafr AuplwbD krfey hn. mOjUdf smyN ivwc iesrfeIl imjLfeIl, aYNtI imjLfiel isstm, XUeyvI, toh lYx vflI qknIk, ielYktrfink vfrPyar isstm, hvfeI jhfj ivwc iesqymfl hox vflI qknIk aqy golf-bfrUd iesrfeIl vwzI mfqrf ivwc Bfrq nUM AuplwbD krfAuNdf hY. donF dyF dy ivwc hoey smJOiqaF ivwcoN ijLafdfqr ienHF POjI AuqpfdF nfl sbMDq huMdy hn. Bfrq dy rwiKaf bffr dI ahimaq Aus sOdy qoN vI sf huMdI hY, jdoN iesrfeIl ny Bfrq nUM meI 2009 aqy mfrc 2010 ivwc 73[7 arb rupey ivwc rUs dy bxfey ieilAUin 2-76 nfl lYs Pflkn eyarborn vfrinMg aYNz kMtrol isstm (avfks) vyicaf sI. BfrqI hvfeI POj dy kol iqMn afprynl avfks mOjUd hn, iesdy ielfvf do hor dy jldI hI hvfeI POj ivwc fiml hox dI AumId hY. amrIkI dbfa ivwc ieh qknIk iesrfeIl ny cIn nUM nhIN idwqI sI. bIqy do sflF dy dOrfn, donF dyF dy ivwc keI mhwqvpUrx POjI smJOqy hoey hn. modI srkfr dy swqf ivwc afAux dy kuwJ hI mhIinaF bfad sqMbr 2014 ivwc Bfrq ny iesrfeIlI aYrospys ieMzstrI df 'brfk aYNtI imjLfeIl izPYNs isstm' KLrIdx dI Goxf kIqI sI, ieh sB qoN mhwqvpUrx smJOiqaF ivwcoN iewk hY. ies KrIddfrI leI Bfrq nUM krIb 965 kroV rupey df Bugqfn krnf pvygf jd ik ipwClI XUpIey srkfr ies smJOqy qoN ipwCy hwt geI sI. lyikn mOjUdf srkfr Bfrq dI POjI rwiKaf sLkqI nUM vDfAux AuWqy or dy rhI hY. ies ivwc BfrqI nyvI nUM aYNtI bilsitk imjLfeIl nfl lYs krnf vI fiml hY. iewk mhIny bfad, BfrqI rwiKaf rId pird ny 8,356 iesrfeIl dy bxy spfeIk aYNtI tYNk gfeIzz imsfiel (eytIjIaYWm) aqy 321 lFcrF nUM 52[5 kroV zflr ivwc KLrIdx df PYslf ilaf sI. ieh smJOqf vI mhwqvpUrx irhf, ikAuNik iesrfeIlI AupkrxF nUM amrIkI jyvyiln imjLfeIl nfloN qrjIh idwqI geI hY. amrIkf ny afpxI vwloN Bfrq nUM jYvyiln imsfielF nUM vycx dI bhuq koi kIqI sI lyikn donF dyF  dy ivwc POjI-qknIkF dI afn pRdfn dy axsulJy msly nUM vyKdy hoey Bfrq srkfr ny spfeIk AuWqy Brosf pRgt kIqf sI. hflFik ies smJOqy nfl iesrfeIl nUM Ku hox dI jLrUrq nhIN hY ikAuNik ieh smJOqf Bfrq dy Aus njrIey dy cldy sMBv ho sikaf ijsdy qihq Bfrq POjI AuqpfdF dI rId dy nfl-nfl POj nUM afDuink bxfAux leI qknIkF nUM vI hfsl krn dI rxnIqI AuWqy kMm kr irhf hY. iesdf ijLkr sqMbr, 2014 ivwc urU hoey 'myk ien ieMizaf' pRojYkt ivwc hY. iesdy ielfvf Bfrq ny iesrfeIl qoN 2680 kroV rupey dI 10 hyrfn tIpI XUeyvI (mfnvrihq hvfeI jhfjL) KLrIdx dI vI Goxf kIqI hY. iesdI mdd nfl BfrqI POj dI ingrfnI krn aqy toh lYx dI smrwQf kfI vwD jfvygI. Bfrq hux ingrfnI aqy toh lYx leI iesrfeIl ivwc bxy 176 zron iesqymfl kr irhf hY, ijs ivwc 108 afeIeyafeI (iesrfeIlI eyarospys ieMzstrI) srcr hn jdoN ik 68 ibnF hiQafrF vfly hyrfn eyarkrfPt hn. iesdy ielfvf BfrqI hvfeI POj dy kol afeIeyafeI inrmfixq hfrpI zron vI hn.

          ies prMprfgq POjI AupkrxF dy nfl sImF AuWqy vfV lgfAux nfl sbMDq qknIk df vI Bfrq, iesrfeIl qoN inrXfq kr irhf hY. ies df iesqymfl jMmU aYNz kmIr dy lfeIn afP kMtrol AuWqy kIqf igaf hY. Audfhrx dy leI gRih mMqrI rfjnfQ isMG dy nvMbr, 2014  dy iesrfeIlI dOry dy smyN nyqMnXfhU ny ikhf sI ik iesrfeIl Bfrq dy nfl sImf surwiKaf dIaF qknIkF dy afn pRdfn leI iqafr aqy iewCk hY. sImf pfr qoN GuwspYT dy vwDdy mfmilaF nUM vyKdy hoey ies idf ivwc ijLafdf sihXog dI AumId hY.

          iesdy ielfvf Bfrq aqy iesrfeIlI POjI kfrobfr ivwc sih Auqpfdn aqy sFJf pRogrfm aiq mhwqvpUrx pihlU hn. ieh lMmI aqy mwD dUrI qwk mfr krn vfly eyar imsfiel, eIzbilAUaYWs, hor hvfeI rxnIqk AupkrxF dy ivkfs leI Bfrq dy izPYNs irsrc aYNz izvYlpmyNt afrgynfeIjyn (zIafrzIE) aqy iesrfeIlI aYrospys ieMzstrI (afeIeyafeI) aqy kuwJ hor iesrfeIlI PrmF dy ivckfr hox vflf sihXog hY. hfl hI ivwc donF dyF dy sMXukq pRogrfm nUM qwd vwzI kfmXfbI imlI jdoN donF dyF duafrf ivkisq brfk-8 aYlafr-aYssaYmm (70 iklomItr dI ryNj vfly) df dsMbr 2015 ivwc sPlqfpUrvk qjrbf kIqf igaf. hux ies gwl dI sMBfvnf hY ik dUsry dy vI Bfrq aqy iesrfeIl qoN ieh imsfiel rId skdy hn. ies sB kuJ nUM vyKdy hoey, Bfrq aqy iesrfeIl dy ivwc POjI kfrobfr df BivwK kfI cmkdfr ivwK irhf hY aqy iesdy vDx dI AumId hY. Bfrq POjI qknIkF nUM hfsl krnf cfhuMdf hY aqy ieh ieko iewk aijhI vjHf hY ijs dy cldy Aus nUM iesrfeIl dy nfl afpxy irqy nUM vDfAux dI jLrUrq hY. BfrqI POj dy afDuinkIkrx dI suwsq rPqfr nUM vyKdy hoey iesrfeIl Bfrq df sB qoN mhwqvpUrx mddgfr sfbq ho skdf hY. aijhy ivwc Bfrq aqy iesrfeIl dy POjI kfrobfr ivwc qknIk sMcfr sB qoN aihm pihlU hY, ies df ijLkr BfrqI pRDfn mMqrI vI kr cuwky hn. ies qoN sf hY ik donF dyF dy ivwc afpsI irqy rwiKafqmk sOdy aqy rftrI surwiKaf dI qknIkI cunOqIaF AuWqy inrBr hoxgy.

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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