www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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ikMny pMQF ivwc vMizaf ipaf hY muslmfn smfj? -slfhudIn jYn

        awqvfd dy ieslfm nfl juV rhy iriqaF qoN pRysLfn Bfrq ivwc ieslfm dI brylvI ivcfrDfrf dy sUPIaF aqy numfieMdaF ny iewk kfnPrMs kr ky ikhf ik Auh dihqgrdI dy iKlfP hn aqy isrP ieMnf hI nhIN brylvI smudfey ny iesdy leI vhfbI ivcfrDfrf nUM ijLMmydfr dwisaf hY. Kuwd muslmfn BfeIcfry vwloN ieljfLmF aqy ieslfimk kwtVpMQIaF dy vwDx nfl sfzy sfiraF dI idlcspI ies gwl ivwc vwD geI hY ik afiKr ieh vhfbI ivcfrDfrf kI hY. lok jfnxf cfhuMdy hn ik muslmfn smfj ikMny pMQF ivwc vMizaf hoieaf hY aqy Auh iks qrHF nfl iewk dUsry qoN vwK hn. ieslfm nUM mMnx vfly sfry KLud nUM muslmfn kihMdy hn lyikn ieslfimk knUMn (iPkh) aqy ieslfimk ieiqhfs dI afpxI - afpxI smJ dy afDfr AuWqy muslmfn keI pMQF ivwc vMzy hoey hn.

        vwzy pwDr AuWqy jF smudfey dy afDfr AuWqy vyiKaf jfvy qF muslmfnF nUM do muwK ihwisaF 'suMnI aqy sLIaf' ivwc vMizaf jf skdf hY. hflFik sLIaf aqy suMnI vI keI iPrikaF jF pMQF ivwc vMzy hoey hn. gwl jykr sLIaf - suMnI dI krIey qF dovyN hI ies gwl AuWqy sihmq hn ik awlHf iewk hY, muhMmd sfihb AunHF dy dUq hn aqy kurfn asmfnI ikqfb XfxI awlHf dI ByjI hoeI ikqfb hY. lyikn donF smudfieaf ivwc ivvfsF aqy pYgMbr muhMmd dI mOq dy bfad AunHF dy vfirs dy muwdy AuWqy gMBIr mwqByd hn aqy ienHF donF dy ieslfimk knUMn vI vwK vwK hn.

 

suMnI:

 

suMnI jF suMnq df mqlwb Aus qOr qrIky nUM apxfAuxf hY ijs AuWqy pYgMbr muhMmd (570 - 632 eIsvI )ny KLud aml kIqf hovy aqy ies ihsfb nfl Auh suMnI khFAuNdy hn. iewk anumfn dy muqfbk dunIaf dy lwgBwg 80-85 IsdI muslmfn suMnI hn jdoN ik 15-20 IsdI dy ivwc sLIaf hn. suMnI muslmfnF df mMnxf hY ik pYgMbr muhMmd dy bfad AunHF dy suhrf hjrq ab bky (632- 634 eIsvI) muslmfnF dy nvyN nyqf bxy, ijnHF nUM KlIPf ikhf igaf. ies qrHF nfl abu bky dy bfad hjrq Aumr  634 - 644 eIsvI), hjrq Ausmfn (644 - 656 eIsvI) aqy hjrq alI (656 - 661 eIsvI) muslmfnF dy nyqf bxy. ienHF cfrF nUM KulPf- ey-ridIn XfnI TIk idf ivwc clx vfly ikhf jFdf hY. iesdy bfad jo lok afey, Auh rfjnIqk rUp ivwc qF muslmfnF dy nyqf khfey lyikn Dfrimk Brosy qoN AunHF dI aihmIaq koeI Kfs nhIN sI. ijwQy qwk ieslfimk knUMn dI ivafiKaf df svfl hY suMnI muslmfn muwK rUp nfl cfr smUh ivwc vMzy hoey hn hflFik pMjvF smUh vI hY jo ienHF cfrF qoN afpxy afp KLud nUM vwK kihMdf hY. ienHF pMjF dy ivvfs aqy rDf ivwc bhuq aMqr nhIN hY, lyikn ienHF df mMnxf hY ik AunHF dy iemfm jF Dfrimk nyqf ny ieslfm dI TIk ivafiKaf kIqI hY. drasl suMnI ieslfm ivwc ieslfmI knUMn dy cfr pRmuwK skUl hn.

        aTvIN aqy nOvI sdI ivwc lwgBwg 150 sfl dy aMdr cfr pRmuwK Dfrimk nyqf pYdf hoey AunHF ny ieslfimk knUMn dI ivafiKaf kIqI aqy iPr awgy clky AunHF nUM mMnx vfly Aus hI iPrky dy smrQk bx gey. ieh cfr iemfm sn - iemfm abU hnIPf (699 - 767 eIsvI), iemfm fPeI (767 - 820 eIsvI), iemfm hMbl (780 - 855 eIsvI) aqy iemfm mfilk (711 - 795 eIsvI).

 

1[ hnPI:

       

iemfm abU hnIPf nUM mMnx vfly hnPI khfAuNdy hn.  ies iPkh jF ieslfimk knUMn dy mMnx vfly muslmfn vI do guwtF ivwc vMzy hoey hn. iewk dyvbMdI (PfrsI ivwc dyEbMdI) hn qF dUjy afpxy afp nUM brylvI kihMdy hn.

 

dyvbMdI (dyEbMdI) aqy brylvI:

       

dovyN hI nfm AuWqr pRdy dy do ijLilaF dyvbMd aqy brylI dy nfm AuWqy hn. drasl 20vI sdI dy urU ivwc do Dfrimk nyqf mOlfnf arP alI QfnvI (1863 - 1943) aqy aihmd rf KF brylvI (1856 - 1921 )ny ieslfimk knUMn dI vwK vwK ivafiKaf kIqI. arP alI QfnvI df sMbMD dfrul - AulUm dyvbMd mdrwsy nfl sI, jdoN ik aflf hjrq aihmd rf KF brylvI df sMbMD brylI nfl sI. mOlfnf abdul rId gMgohI aqy mOlfnf kfism nnoqvI ny 1866 ivwc dyvbMd mdrsy dI buinafd rwKI sI. dyvbMdI ivcfrDfrf nUM prvfn cVfAux ivwc mOlfnf abdul rId gMgohI, mOlfnf kfism nnoqvI aqy mOlfnf arP alI QfnvI dI aihm BUimkf rhI hY. Bfrq, pfiksqfn, bFglfdy aqy aPgfinsqfn ivwc rihx vfly ijLafdf muslmfnF df sMbMD ienHF pMQF nfl hY. dyvbMdI aqy brylvI ivcfrDfrf dy mMnx vfilaF df dfavf hY ik kurfn aqy hdIs hI AunHF dI rIaq df mUl sroq hY lyikn ies AuWqy aml krn leI iemfm dy khy nUM mMnxf jrUrI hY. ies leI rIaq dy qmfm knUMn iemfm abU hnIPf dy iPkh dy anusfr hn.

\AuQy hI brylvI ivcfrDfrf dy lok aflf hjrq rjf fn brylvI dy dwsy hoey qrIky nUM ijLafdf TIk mMndy hn. brylI ivwc aflf hjrq rjf fn dI mfr hY jo brylvI ivcfrDfrf dy mMnx vfilaF leI iewk bhuq vwzf kyNdr hY. donF ivwc kuwJ ijLafdf Prk nhIN lyikn kuwJ cIjF ivwc mwqByd hn ijvyN brylvI ies gwl nUM mMndy hn ik pYgMbr muhMmd sB kuwJ jfxdy hn, jo idsdf hY Auh vI aqy jo nhIN idsdf hY Auh vI aqy Auh hr jgHf mOjUd hn aqy sB kuwJ vyK rhy hn. AuQy hI dyvbMdI ies ivwc ivvfs nhIN rwKdy. dyvbMdI awlHf dy bfad nbI nUM dUjy sQfn AuWqy rwKdy hn lyikn AunHF nUM iensfn mMndy hn. brylvI sUPI ieslfm dy anuafeI hn aqy AunHF dy iewQy sUPI mjLfrF nUM kfI mhwqv pRfpq hY jdoN ik dyvbMdIaF dy kol ies mjLfrF dI bhuq aihmIaq nhIN hY, sgoN Auh iesdf ivroD krdy hn.

dyvbMd siQq dfrul AulUm dyvbMd mdrsy dI qsvIr

 

2[ mfilkI:

 

iemfm abU hnIPf dy bfad suMnIaF dy dUjy iemfm, iemfm milk hn ijnHF dy mMnx vfly eysLIaf ivwc Gwt hn aqy AunHF dI iewk mhwqvpUrx ikqfb 'iemfm moqf' dy nfm nfl pRiswD hY. AunHF dy anuafeI AunHF dy dwsy inXmF nUM hI mMndy hn. ieh smudfey afmqOr AuWqy imzl eIst, eysLIaf aqy AuWqrI aPrIkf ivwc pfey jFdy hn.

 

3[ fPeI:

 

fPeI iemfm mfilk dy cyly hn aqy suMnIaF dy qIsry pRmuwK iemfm hn. muslmfnF df iewk vwzf qbkf AunHF dy dwsy rsiqaF AuWqy aml krdf hY, jo ijLafdfqr imzl eIst, eysLIaf aqy aPrIkI dyF ivwc rihMdf hY. rDf dy mfmly ivwc ieh dUsiraF nfloN bhuq vwK nhIN hn lyikn ieslfmI qOr qrIikaF dy afDfr AuWqy ieh hnPI iPkh qoN vwK hn. AunHF dy anuafeI vI ies gwl ivwc ivvfs rwKdy hn ik iemfm dI nkl (khy nUM mMnx) krnf jrUrI hY.

 

4[ hMblI:

 

sAUdI arb, kqr, kuvYq, imzl eIst aqy keI aPrIkI dyF ivwc vI muslmfn iemfm hMbl dy iPkh AuWqy ijLafdf aml krdy hn aqy Auh afpxy afp nUM hMblI kihMdy hn.sAUdI arb dI srkfrI rIaq iemfm hMbl dy Dfrimk kfnUnF AuWqy afDfirq hY aq AunHF dy anuafeIaF df kihxf hY ik AunHF df dwisaf hoieaf qrIkf hdIsF dy ijafdf krIb hY. ies cfrF iemfmF nUM mMnx vfly muslmfnF df ieh mMnxf hY ik rIaq df pflx krx leI afpxy afpxy iemfm dI nkl krxf jrUrI hY.

 

5[ slPI, vhfbI aqy ahly hdIs:

 

suMnIaF ivwc iewk smUh aijhf vI hY jo iksy iewk Kfs iemfm dy nkl dI gwl nhIN mMndf aqy AunHF df kihxf hY ik rIaq nUM smJx aqy Ausdf TIk ZMg nfl pflx krx leI iswDy kurfn aqy hdIs (pYgMbr muhMmd dy khy hoey bd) dI pVHfeI aqy aiDaYn krnf cfhIdf hY. ies smudfey nUM slPI aqy ahly-hdIs aqy vhfbI afid dy nfm nfl jfixaf jFdf hY. ieh smudfey cfr iemfmF dy igafn, AunHF dy Koj-aiDaYn qy AunHF dy sfihq dI kdr krdf hY. lyikn AunHF df kihxf hY ik ienHF iemfmF ivwcoN iksy dI nkl lfmI nhIN hY. AunHF dIaF jo gwlF kurfn aqy hdIs dy anusfr hn Aus AuWqy aml qF TIk hY lyikn iksy vI ivvfdgRsq cIj ivwc aMqm PYslf kurfn aqy hdIs df mMnxf cfhIdf hY.

        slPI smUh df kihxf hY ik Auh aijhy ieslfm df pRcfr cfhuMdf hY jo pYgMbr muhMmd dy smyN ivwc sI. ies soc nUM prvfn cVfAun df ishrf iebny qYimaf aqy muhMmd ibn abdul vhfb nUM jFdf hY aqy AunHF dy nfm AuWqy hI ieh smudfey vhfbI nfm nfl vI jfixaf jFdf hY.

        imzl eIst dy sfry ieslfimk ivdvfn AunHF dI ivcfrDfrf qoN ijLafdf pRBfivq hn. ies smUh dy bfry ivwc iewk gwl vwzI mhUr hY ik ieh sMpRdfiek qOr AuWqy byhwd kwtVpMQI aqy Dfrimk mfmilaF ivwc bhuq kwtV hY. sAUdI arb dy mOjUdf fsk ies ivcfrDfrf nUM mMndy hn. Xfd rhy alkfiedf pRmuwK Esfmf ibMn lfdyn vI slPI ivcfrfDfrf dy smrQk sn.

 

6[ suMnI bohrf:

 

gujrfq, mhfrftr aqy pfiksqfn dy isMD pRFq ivwc muslmfnF dy kfrobfrI smudfey dy iewk smUh nUM bohry dy nfm nfl jfixaf jFdf hY. bohrf, sLIaf aqy suMnI donF ivwc hI huMdy hn. suMnI bohrf hnPI ieslfimk knUMn AuWqy aml krdy hn jdoN ik sMsikRqk qOr AuWqy dfAUdI bohrf XfnI sLIaf smudfey dy krIb hn.

 

7[ aihmdIaf:

 

hnPI ieslfimk knUMn df pflx krx vfly muslmfnF df iewk smudfey afpxy afp nUM ahmidaf kihMdf hY. ies smudfey dI sQfpnf BfrqI pMjfb dy kfdIaF ksby ivwc imrf gulfm aihmd ny kIqI sI.ies pMQ dy anuafeIaF df mMnxf hY ik imrf gulfm aihmd KLud nbI df hI iewk avqfr sn.

AunHF dy muqfbk Auh afpxy afp koeI nvIN rIaq nhIN ilafey sgoN pYgMbr muhMmd dI rIaq df hI pflx kr rhy sn lyikn Auh nbI df drjf rwKdy hn. muslmfnF dy lwgBwg sfry sMpRdfey ies gwl AuWqy sihmq hn ik muhMmd sfihb dy bfad awlHf vwloN dunIaf ivwc Byjy gey dUqF df islislf qm ho igaf hY.

lyikn ahimdIaF df mMnxf hY ik imrf gulfm aihmd aijhy Drm suDfrk sn jo nbI df drjf rwKdy hn.

bs ies gwl AuWqy mwqByd ieqny gMBIr hn ik muslmfnF df iewk vwzf vrg aihmdIaF nUM muslmfn hI nhIN mMndf. hflFik Bfrq, pfiksqfn aqy brItyn ivwc aihmdIaF dI cMgI KLfsI igxqI hY.pfiksqfn ivwc qF afiDkfirq qOr AuWqy aihmdIaF nUM ieslfm ivwcoN frj kr idwqf igaf hY.

 

sLIaf:

 

sLIaf muslmfnF dI Dfrimk rDf aqy ieslfimk knUMn suMnIaF nfloN kfI vwK hn.  Auh pYgMbr muhMmd dy bfad KlIPf nhIN sgoN iemfm inXukq kIqy jfx dy smrQk hn. AunHF df mMnxf hY ik pYgMbr muhMmd dI mOq dy bfad AunHF dy asl AuWqr aiDkfrI AunHF dy juafeI hjrq alI sn. AunHF dy anusfr pYgMbr muhMmd vI alI nUM hI afpxf vfirs Goiq kr cuwky sn lyikn DoKy nfl AunHF dI jgHf hjrq abU-bky nUM nyqf cux ilaf igaf sI.

sLIaf muslmfn muhMmd dy bfad bxy pihly iqMn KlIiPaF nUM afpxf nyqf nhIN mMndy sgoN AunHF nUM gfisb kihMdy hn. gfisb arbI df bd hY ijsdf mqlwb 'hVpx vflf' huMdf hY.

        AunHF df ivvfs hY ik ijs qrHF awlHf ny muhMmd sfihb nUM afpxf pYgMbr bxfky Byijaf sI AusI qrHF nflN AunHF dy dfmfd alI nUM vI awlHf ny hI iemfm jF nbI inXukq kIqf sI aqy iPr ies qrHF AunHF dIaF sMqfnF ivwcoN iemfm huMdy rhy. awgy clky sLIaf vI keI ihiwsaF ivwc vMzy gey.

sLIaf aOrq

 

1[ iesnf aarI:

 

suMnIaF dI qrHF sLIaf ivwc vI keI smudfey hn lyikn sB qoN vwzf smUh 'iesnf arI' XfnI bfrF iemfmF nUM mMnx vflf smUh hY. dunIaf dy lwgBwg 75 IsdI sLIaf ies smUh nfl sMbMD rwKdy hn. iesnf arI smudfey df klmf suMnIaF dy klmy nfloN vwK hY.

AunHF dy pihlF iemfm hjrq alI hn aqy aMqm XfnI bfrhvyN iemfm jmfnf XfnI iemfm mhdIaF hn. Auh awlHf, kurfn aqy hdIs nUM mMndy hn, lyikn kyvl AunHF hdIsF nUM shI mMndy hn jo AunHF dy iemfmF dy mfiDam nfl afey hn. kurfn dy bfd alI dy Aupdy AuWqy aDfirq ikqfb 'nhjul blfgf aqy alkfiP' vI AunHF dI mhwqvpUrx Dfrimk ikqfb hY. ieh smudfey ieslfimk Dfrimk knUMn dy muqfbk jfPiraf ivwc ivvfs rwKdf hY. eIrfn, ierfk, Bfrq aqy pfiksqfn smyq dunIaf dy sfry dyF ivwc iesnf arI sLIaf smudfey df dbdbf hY.

 

2[ jLYdIaf jF jLYdI:

 

sLIaf df dUjf vwzf sMpRdfiek smUh jYidaf hY, jo bfrF dy bjfey kyvl pMj iemfmF ivwc hI ivvfs rwKdf hY. iesdy cfr pihly iemfm qF iesnf arI IaF vfly hI hn lyikn pMjvyN aqy aMqm iemfm husYn (hjrq alI dy byty) dy poqry jYd ibn alI hn ijsdI vjHf nfl Auh jYidaf khfAuNdy hn.  AunHF dy ieslfimk knUMn jYd ibn alI dI iewk ikqfb mjmAUl iPkh ivwcoN ley gey hn. imzl eIst dy Xmn ivwc rihx vfly 'hOsI' jYdIaf smudfey dy muslmfn hn.

jLYdI aOrqF

 

3[ iesmfielI sLIaf:

 

IaF df ieh smudfey kyvl swq iemfmF nUM mMndf hY aqy AunHF dy afKrI iemfm muhMmd ibnF iesmfiel hn aqy ies vjHf nfl AunHF nUM iesmfielI ikhf jFdf hY. iesnf arI IaF nfl ienHF df ivvfd ies gwl AuWqy hY ik iemfm jfPr sfidk dy bfad AunHF dy vwzy byty iesmfeIl ibn jfPr iemfm hoxgy jF iPr dUjy byty. iesnf arI smUh ny AunHF dy dUjy  byty mUsf kfijm nUM iemfm mMinaf aqy iewQy nfl do smUh bx gey. ies qrHF iesmfielIaF ny afpxf swqvF iemfm iesmfiel ibn jfPr nUM mMinaf. AunHF dI iPkh aqy kuwJ mfnqfvF vI iesnf arI IaF nfloN kuwJ vwK hn.

 

dfAUdI bohrf:

 

bohrf df iewk smUh, jo dfAUdI bohrf khfAuNdf hY, iesmfielI sLIaf iPkh nUM mMndf hY aqy ies ivvfs AuWqy kfiem hY Prk isrP ieh hY ik dfAUdI bohrf 21 iemfmF nUM mMndy hn. AunHF dy aMqm iemfm qfieb abul kfism sn ijsdy bfad afiDafqimk gurUaF dI prMprf hY. ienHF nUM dfeI ikhf jFdf hY aqy ienHF dyN 52vyN dfeI sieXdnf burhfnudIn rwbfnI sn. 2014 ivwc rwbfnI dI mOq dy bfad AunHF dy do byitaF ivwc Auqrf-aiDkfrI bxn dI lVfeI sLurU ho geI aqy hux mfmlf adflq ivwc hY.

bohrf Bfrq dy pwCm vflf Kyqr Kfskr gujrfq aqy mhfrftr ivwc pfey jFdy hn jdoN ik pfiksqfn aqy Xmn ivwc vI ieh mOjUd hn. ieh iewk sPl vpfrI smudfey hY ijsdf iewk DVf suMnI vI hY.

 

Kojf:

 

Kojf gujrfq df iewk vpfrI smudfey hY ijnHy kuwJ sdIaF pihlF ieslfm svIkfr kIqf sI. ies smudfey dy lok sLIaf aqy suMnI donF ieslfmF nUM mMndy hn. ijafdfqr Kojf iesmfielI sLIaf dy Dfrimk knUMn df pflx krdy hn lyikn iewk vwzI igxqI ivwc Kojf 'iesnf arI' IaF dI vI hY. lyikn kuwJ Kojy suMnI ieslfm nUM vI mMndy hn. ies smudfey df vwzf vrg gujrfq aqy mhfrftr ivwc pfieaf jFdf hY. eIst aPrIkI dyF ivwc vI ieh vsy hoey hn.

 

nusYrI:

 

IaF df ieh smudfey sIrIaf aqy imzl eIst dy vwK vwK KyqrF ivwc pfieaf jFdf hY. ies nUM alfvI dy nfm nfl vI jfixaf jFdf hY. sIrIaf ivwc ies nUM mMnx vfly ijafdfqr sLIaf hn aqy dy dy rftrpqI br al asd df sMbMD ies smudfey nfl hY.

        ies smudfey df mMnxf hY ik alI vfsqv ivwc Bgvfn dy avqfr dy rUp ivwc dunIaf ivwc afey sn. AunHF dI iPkh iesnf arI ivwc hY lyikn ivvfsF ivwc mwqByd hY. nusYrI punr jnm ivwc vI ivvfs rwKdy hn aqy kuwJ eIsfeIaF dIaF rsmF vI AunHF dy Drm df ihwsf hn. ies sB dy ielfvf ieslfm ivwc keI hor vI Coty Coty pMQ pfey jFdy hn.

(not :- bIbIsI dy lyK `qy aDfirq, anuvfdk prmjIq sMDU)

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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