www.khabarnama.com  {Punjabi Newspaper Khabarnama Toronto} email: editor@khabarnama.com 


 

ਅਖ਼ਬਾਰ ਪੜ੍ਹਨ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ  ਫਾਂਟ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਡਾਊਂਨਲੋਡ ਕਰ

 

 

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suprIm kort dI njLr `c

kI Aumr kYd dI sjLf 14 sfl dI jylLH hY? -pRsLFq lfielpurI

          iswK kYdIaF nMU adflqF vloN idwqI sjLf Bugqx ipwCoN vI kiQq qOr `qy jylHF ivwc rwKx dI dysL ivdysL ivwc crcf ho rhI hY ijs df kfrn gurdvfrf lKnOr sfihb ivwc gurbKLsL isMG vloN rwKI geI BuwK hVqfl hY. ies crcf ivwc ieh gwl Kfs qOr `qy AuTfeI jf rhI hY ik Bfrq ivwc iswK kYdIaF nfl ivqkrf jo irhf hY. ies qrk dy hfmI ies ivcfr dy hn ik Aumr kYd dI sjLf, 14 sflF ivwc pUrI ho jFdI hY aqy 14 sfl bfad kYdI nMU irhfa kr idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY. kuJ hor lok ieh qrk vI idMdy hn ik Aumr kYd 20 sflF ivwc pUrI ho jFdI hY aqy 20 Bugqx ipwCoN kYdI dI irhfeI ho jfxI cfhIdI hY.

          ies qknIkI nukqy `qy Auh vkIl vI KfmosL hn jo aksr vwKvfdI iswK kYdIaF dy kys lVdy hn. Auh ieh gwl spsLt afKx nMU iqafr nhIN hn ik Aumr kYd df mqlb 14 sfl jF 20 sfl dI kYd huMdf hY. ieh vI ivcfrnXog hY ik agr Aumr kYd df mlqb 14 jF 20 sfl dI kYd hY qF adflqF vwK vwK hflqF ivwc 14 sfl, 20 sfl aqy Aumr kYd dIaF sjLfvF ikAuN idMdIaF hn? jykr ieh swB brfbr hI hn qF iPr vwD qoN vwD kYd 14 jF 20 sfl dI hI hoxI cfhIdI jF isrPL Aumr kYd hI hoxI cfhIdI ijs df mqlb 14 sfl jF 20 sfl dI kYd hovy.

          jd ipCly sfl ieh muwdf crcf ivwc afieaf sI qF Aus vkq vI gurbKLsL isMG ny eysy muwdy `qy BuuwK hVqfl rwKI hoeI sI. Aus smyN pRqIkrm idMidaF muwK mMqrI pRkfsL isMG bfdl hurF ny ikhf sI ik Aumr kYd 14 sfl dI kYd nhIN huMdI. Aus smyN gurbKLsL ny muhflI dy gurdvfrf aMb sfihb ivwc BuK hVqfl rwKI hoeI sI aqy hux hirafxf dy gurdvfrf lKnOr sfihb ivwc rwKI hoeI hY.

          hux bfdl sfihb ny keI muwK mMqrIaF nMU KLq ilK idwqy hn aqy keI kYdIaF dI nfm ilK ky irhfeI dI isPfrsL kr idwqI hY jo Aumr kYd Bugq rhy hn. hux sLfied hVqfl dI jgfH bdlx nfl mwK mMqrI bfdl sfihb df qrk vI bdl igaf hY.

          nvMbr 2012 ivwc Bfrq dI suprIm kort ny Aumr kYd dy ies muwdy bfry spsLt kr idwqf sI ik Aumr kYd df mqlb 14 sfl kYd nhIN hY aqy ies df mqlb sfrI Aur dI kYd hY. suprIm kort ny spsLt ikhf hY ik ies bfry Brm BulyKf hY ik Aumr kYdI nMU 14 jF 20 sfl bfad irhf kr idwqf jfxf cfhIdf hY ikAuNik Aus dI Aumr kYd 14 jF 20 sflF ivwc pUrI ho jFdI hY. suprIm kort muqfibk kYdI kol aYsf hwk nhIN hY. Aumr kYdI nMU apxI Aumr dy afKrI sfh qwk kYd huMdI hY pr ies ivwc srkfr Cot dy skdI hY. srkfr vfsqy vI sLbd aproprIeyt srkfr sLbd vriqaf igaf hY ijs df mlqb Aus srkfr qoN hY ijs dI aQfrtI hyT sbMiDq kYdI hY. srkfrF kYdI nMU kYd ivcoN Cot krImInl koz dy sYksLn 432 hyT dy skdIaF hn pr Aumr kYdI nMU 14 sfl qoN pihlF iksy hflq ivwc vI Cwizaf nhIN jf skdf. ijs df mqlb hY ik Aumr kYd 14 sfl qoN gwt nhIN ho skdI, bfvjUd srkfr vloN idwqI geI Cot dy. ieMJ Aumr kYd aftomYitk qOr `qy 14 sfl dI kYd kwtx nfgl pUrI nhIN ho jFdI aqy  nf hI 20 sfl dI kYd Bugqx nfl. ies Pyslf jsits ky aYs rfDfikRsLnn aqy jsits mdfn bI lOkr dy bYNc vloN suxfieaf igaf sI.

          nvMbr 2012 ivwc jMmU ksLmIr hfeI kort ny vI Aumr iesLfk husyn dy mfmly ivwc ies iksm df PYslf hI idwqI sI. jsits mnsUr aihmd mIr ny afpxy 16 nvMbr 2012 dy PYsly ivwc ikhf sI ik Aumr kYd df mqlb 14 jF 20 sfl dI kYd nhIN hY sgoN kYdI dI mOq qwk dI sjLf hY. ies bfry Kbr vI swjy aMgryjLI ivwc pVHI jf skdI hY.

          Bfrq dI spurIm kort ny kYdI nMU iewk qoN vwD sjLfvF dy mfmly ivwc iek sjLf pUrI hox ipwCoN dUjI sjLf sLurU krn dy qrk nMU rwd kr idwqf sI ijs nfl bhuq sfry kYdIaF nMU BfrI rfhq imlI sI. amrIkf ivwc aksr jd kYdI nMU iek qoN vwD sjLfvF huMdIaF hn qF adflqF iek sjLf pUrI hox ipwCoN dUjI sjLf sLurU hox df hukm idMdiaF hn ijs nfl keI vfr iek kYdI nMU 100 jF ies qoN vI vwD sflF dI kYd dy hukm suxfey jFdy hn. bfrqI suprIm kort ny ies nMU rwd kr idwqf sI aqy ikhf hY ik agr iksy kYdI nMU iek qoN vwD Aumr kYdF jF iek Aumr kYd nfl hor 10-15 jF 20 sflF dIaF kYdF huMdIaF hn qF sfrIaF sjLfvF ieko smyN hI sLurU ho jFdIaF hn ijs nMU brfbr jF aMgryjLI ivwc kMnkrMt sjLfvF kihMdy hn. jd ik ies dy Elt amrIkf ivwc bhuq vfr kMjLykitv sjLfvF suxfeIaF jFdIaF hn jo iek sjLf pUrI hox ipwCoN dUjI sjLf sLurU krn nMU afKdy hn. suprIm kort ny Bfrq ivwc kMjLykitv sjLfvF nMU gYr kfnMUnI dwisaf ijs nfl BfrqI isstm nMU amrIkI isstm nfloN bhuq nrm afiKaf jf skdf hY.

          kYnyzf ivwc vI kuJ mhIny pihlF iqMn puils aPsrF dy iewk kfql nMU adflq ny 75 sfl kMjLykitv sjLf suxfeI hY. ies dosLI nMU iqMn 25-25 sfl dIaF kYdF  suxfeIaF geIaF sn aqy jwj ny PYsly ivwc iliKaf sI ik iek sjLf pUrI hox ipwCoN hI dUjI sjLf sLurU hovygI aqy iPr qIjI dI vfrI afvygI. jwj ny ieh vI iliKaf sI ik ies kYdI nMU 75 sfl dI kYd kwtx qoN pihlF prol vI nhIN idwqI jfvygI ijs df mqlb hY ik 24 sfl df ieh kYdI jd prol dy Xog hovygf qF Aus dI Aumr 99 sfl dI ho jfvygI. ies PYsly nfl kYnyzf df jsits isstm vI BfrqI isstm nfloN ikqy vwD sKLqI vrq irhf hY.

          amrIkf ivwc mfrc 2012 ivwc iek adflq ny iek nbfl lVky nMU kql dy dosL ivwc sfrI Aumr dI kYd dI sjlF suxfeI sI aqy nfl ilK idwqf sI ik Aus dI prol sfrI Aumr nhIN ho skdI.

          kYdIaF dI prol dy mfmly ivwc vI BfrqI isstm amrIkf aqy kYnyzf dy prol isstm qoN ikqy vwD nrm hY. amrIkf ivwc kql vrgy Gor aprfD vfsqy prol bhuq sKLq hY aqy ajyhy kysF ivwc mOq dI sjLf vI afm hI suxf idwqI jFdI hY.

          kYnyzf ivwc kYdI dI prol mOky pIVHq pirvfr, sMgTn jF smfj vI dKLq dy  skdf hY. bhuq sfry kYsF ivwc pIVHq pirvfrF ny kYdIaF dI agfAUN prol sPLlqf nfl rokI hY. sIRIal kfql pOL brnfrzo aqy Aus dI pryimk hfmOlkf dy mfmly ivwc afm lokF aqy pIVHq pirvfrF ny AuhnF dI arlI prol dI sPLlqf nfl ivroDqf kIqI hY. Bfrq ivwc arlI prol mOky bhuqy pIVHq pirvfrF nMU KLbr qwk nhIN imldI, ivroD krnf qF dUr dI gwl hY.

          Bfrq ivwc pMj sfl dI kYd Bugq rhy aYktr sMjy dwq nMU keI vfr kuJ smyN dI prol idwqI geI hY ijs dI mIzIaf ivwc crcf hox kfrn ies dI qPqIsL sLurU ho geI hY. inrMkfrI bfby dy kfql rxjIq isMG nMU vI idwlI dy iswKF dy dbfa hyT idwlI srkfr ny agfAuN prol dy idwqI sI hflFik Auh Aumr kYdI sI. sLRomxI kmytI dy svrgI pRDfn jQydfr tOhVf ny iswK kwtVpMQIaF nMU KusL krn vfsqy aumr kYd BUgq rhy rxjIq isMG nMU sRI akfl qKLq df jQydfr Qfp idwqf sI. idwlI dy iswKF ny Aus dI arlI prol leI dbfa pfieaf sI jo kfrgr sfbq hoieaf.

          prol `qy Cwizaf Aumr kYdI qknIkI pwDr `qy Aumr Br df kYdI hI rihMdf hY, AuNJ BfvyN pwkI prol `qy pwkf Gr af jFdf hY. kyNdr dI Bfjpf srkfr kFgrs vFG iswK pwqf Kyzx dy rONa `c jfpdI hY aqy aMdro aMdr rfieqF dyx dI iqafrI ivwc jfpdI hY.

 


jd iesLiqhfrF aqy sLohrq vfsqy igVigVfieaf pMjfbI mIzIaf!

 

pMjfb srkfr vloN aXoijq kIqy gey do idnf pRvfsI pMjfbI sMmyln dy pihly idn, 10 jnvrI sLfm df pRogrfm cMzIgVH dy 7 stfr hotl mYrIat ivwc sI. afnMdpur ivwc pihly sYsLn qoN bfad pMjfb srkfr, srkfrI aiDkfrI aqy ivdysLI mihmfn ies smfgm ivwc kuJ dyr nfl puwjy. ieh smfgm pMjfb srkfr dy ivsLysL swdy `qy afey ivdysLI pMjfbI isafsqdfnF aqy mIzIafkfrF dy mfx snmfn ivwc rwiKaf igaf sI. pMjfb srkfr ny mnorMjn df vDIaf pRbMD kIqf hoieaf sI. iewk pfsy hfl ivwc klcrl pRogrfm cwl irhf sI aqy dUjy pfsy ivdysLI mihmfnF vfsqy rMg brMgI sLrfb nfl lwdI bfr dy afspfs coKI cihl pihl sI. vDIaf vrdIaF ivwc sjLy mYrIat hotl dy vrqfvy keI qrF dy snYks lY ky GuMm rhy sn.

          ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf nMU KusL krn vfsqy dUjI mMjLl `qy iewk vwKry Coty hfl df pRbMD kIqf hoieaf sI. srkfrI aiDkfrI ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIafkfrF nMU ies kmry vwl jfx leI vfr vfr afK rhy sn aqy qfgId kr rhy sn ieh isrPL mIzIaf vfsqy hY. kYbint mMqrI s: ibkrm isMG mjITIaf aqy Aup muwK mMqrI s: suKbIr isMG bfdl ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf nfl ivsLysL mulfkfq krn jf rhy sn. mIzIafkfr sihjy sihjy ies kmry ivwc sjLdy gey. ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIafkfrF dy nfl pMjfb ivwc bYT ky ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf vfsqy rporitMg krn vfly kuwJ swjx vI ies ivwc sLfml sn.

          jd s: suKbIr isMG bfdl ies mulfkfq vfsqy puwjx leI lyt ho gey qF Auqsuk mIzIakfrF nMU imlx vfsqy s: ibkrm isMG mjITIaf iekwly hI phuMc gey. AuhnF dy mIzIaf slfhkfr s: Kihrf iewk iewk mIzIafkfr nfl AuhnF dI jfx pihcfx krvfAuNdy gey aqy Auh hr iek nfl hwQ imlfAuNdy gey.  AuhnF s: bfdl dy lyt ho jfx dI KLbr idMidaF ikhf ik jd qwk s: bfdl nhIN puwjdy, afE awpF gwlbfq sLurU krdy hF. AuhnF ny ies imlxI nMU pirvfirk imlxI dwisaf aqy mIzIafkfrF nMU Kuwl ky gwlbfq kr vfsqy afiKaf. mIzIafkfrF ny afpxy duKVy roxy sLurU kr idwqy. koeI svfl krn vflI gwl nhIN sI. mIzIafkfr jF qF afpxy duKVy ro rhy sn aqy jF pMjfb srkfr dIaF isPLqF kr rhy sn. gwlbfq dOrfn s: mjITIaf sihj nfl hI ieh pRgtfvf vI kr gey ik Auh jfxdy hn kOx ikMny ku pfxI ivwc hY. iewk mIzIafkfr nMU qF Auh ieh vI dws gey ik Auh jfxdy hn sbMiDq mIzIafkr ikwQy rihMdf hY.

          kuJ hI smyN bfad s: suKbIr isMG bfdl vI ies mIitMg ivwc pwuj gey. gwlbfq df islislf sLurU hoieaf qF siQqI bhuq ajIb bx geI. srkfr dIaF nIqIaF aqy pRvfsIaF dIaF smwisafvF bfry svfl krn vflf mhOl hI nhIN bnx idwqf igaf. pMjfb srkfr ny puwCx ivwc koeI kmI nhIN CwzI pr mIzIafkfr koeI kMm dI gwl krn dI QF srkfrI iesLiqhr lYx aqy sLohrq hfsl krn dI dOV ivwc lwgy rhy. ijs iksy nMU cFs imldf sI Auh pihlF afpxy afp aqy afpxy adfry dIaF isPLqF dy puwlL bMndf sI. afpxy mUMh mIaF imwTU bnx ipwCoN srkfrI iesLiqhr lYx aqy sLoLhrq hfsl krn df svfl pfieaf jFdf sI. iewk mIzIafkfr df kihxf sI ik Aus dy adfry nMU pMjfb srkfr df iek vI iesLiqhfr nhIN imilaf aqy iesLiqhfr pwKpfqI ZMg nfl idwqy gey hn. iek ny ikhf ik lMgy zMg vfly mIzIey nMU vI iesLiqhfr dy idwqy gey pr  Aus dy vwzy adfry nMU kuJ vI nsIb nhIN hoieaf. ies dy juvfb ivwc s: mjITIaf ny ikhf ik ijs ijs dI jfxkfrI AuhnF qwk awpVI AuhnF swB nMU iesLLiqhfr idwqy gey hn iewQoN qwk ik akflI-Bjpf srkfr nMU pfxI pI pI ky kosx vfly mIzIaf nMU vI brfbr iesLiqhfr idwqy gey hn. iewk ivdysLI mIzIafkfr ny slfh idwqI ik qokV mwJ vFg kdy kdFeI Dfr dy vfly pMjfbI mIzIaf nMU nKyV ky qfjLf lvyrI vrgy mIzIaf dI sLnfKq kIqI jfxI cfhIdI hY. jd s: mjITIaf ny ies dI jfxkfrI mMgI qF mIzIafkfr afKx lwgf ieh kMm srkfr afp hI kry. iewk mIzIafkfr ny afiKaf ik Aus dy adfry nMU ajy qwk isrPL do hI srkfrI iesLiqhfr imly hn. Aus nMU sLfied ieh sLwk sI ik dUijaF nMU vwD iml gey hn. pUrI ilsLk-pusLk nfl afeI iewk ivdysLI mIzIafkfr bIbI ny ies qoN awg vDidaF ikhf ik pMjfb srkfr ivdysLI mIzIaf nMU ajLfdI idn, ivsfKI aqy hor idn-sud mOky vI vDfeI dy iesLiqhfr dyvy. bIbI mIzIafkfr nfloN bOlIvuwz dI adfkfr vwD jfpdI sI. ies dy juvfb ivwc s: bfdl ny afiKaf ik pMjfb srkfr ny Bfrq ivwc pihl kridaF ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf nMU iesLiqhfr idwqy hn hor iksy sUby jF kyNdr ny ajy qwk ajyhf nhIN kIqf aqy ivdysLF ivwc iesLLiqhfr dyx vfsqy keI inXm hn ijs kfrn bhuqy iesLiqhfr nhIN idwqy jf skdy. AuhnF ikhf ik ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf dI vwzI igxqI hox kfrn ijMny iesLiqhfr idwqy gey hn AuhnF `qy coKf Krcf afieaf hY aqy ryt vI pMjfb nfloN bhuqf idwqf igaf hY. AuhnF dy kihx df Bfv sI ik eyny pYsy nfl pMjfb ivwc qF sfry pMjfbI mIzIaf nMU bfgo bfg kIqf jf skdf sI.

          iesLiqhfrF df roxf muwikaf qF sLohrq df roxf sLurU ho igaf. aKy afnMdpur sfihb ivwc ivdysLI pMjfbI afgUaF nMU bolx df bhuq smF idwqf igaf hY pr mIzIaf nMU JwK mfrn df cFs nhIN idwqf igaf. iewk mIzIafkfr ny qF ieh vI afK idwqf ik ivdysLI-dysI afgUaF nMU sux sux ky qF AuhnF dy pihlF hI kMn pwky hoey hn. jd s: bfdl ny mjLfkIaf lihjLy ivwc ieh afK idwqf ik hux afpxy afpxy dysL ivwc lgf idE AuhnF `qy qvf? qF iek mIzIafkfr afKx lwgf ik AuDr idn cVH igaf hY aqy qvy df ptf cVHn  vflf hY.  hYrfnI vflI gwl sI ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf BfsLx dyx vfsqy smF mMg irhf sI aqy afpxy afp nMU cuxy hoey afgUaF qoN vwzy afgU hox df pRBfv dy irhf sI. mIzIafkfr ijs anoKy rol dI mMg kr rhy sn Auh sMsfr ivwc kdy vI mIzIaf ny nhIN kIqf.  BfsLx qF aksr afgU jF mfhr idMNdy hn aqy mIzIaf AuhnF nMU svfl krdf hY jF rIporitMg krdf hY. pr pMjfbI mIzIafkfr KbrF rport krn dI QF Kud KbrF df mUhrlf ihwsf bnxf cfhuMdf sI. s: bfdl aqy mjITIaf ny mIzIafkfrF nMU afpxf awgf Zwkx dI slfh dy ky dusLmx bnfAuxf jfiejL nf smiJaf aqy ieh vfadf kr ilaf ik agly sfl pRvfsI sMmyln iqMn idnF df hovygff ijs ivwc iek idn isrPL prvfsI mIzIaf vfsqy rwiKaf jfvygf. jwgoN qyhrvIN afPLr kr ky s: suKbIr isMG bfdl ny swB nMU hyT jl-pfxI Ckx dI slfh idwqI. hyT mihmfn AuzIk rhy hn, Auh qur nf jfx afE cwlIey afKidaF Auh AuT KVy hoey. ies imlxI ivwc svfl puwCx dI QF pMjfbI mIzIaf ny iesLiqhfrF aqy sLohrq vfsqy igVigVfAuxf ibhqr smiJaf.

          jd kuJ mIzIafkfr ieh roxf roxo nf hty qF s: suKbIr isMG bfdl ny bhuq sihj nfl afK idwqf ik nf qusIN sfnMU coxF ijqf skdy ho aqy nf hrf skdy ho. afpxy mwQy `qy hwQ PyridaF AuhnF ikhf ik ieh qF iksmq df mfmlf hY aqy Aupr vfly dI ikRpf cfhIdI hY. ieh vI afK idwqf ik asIN qF vlL pf ky quhfzf siqkfr kr rhy hF aqy ivdysLI pMjfbIaF nMU pMjfb nfl joV ky rwKxf cfhuMdy hF.

          myn Plor `qy coKI cihl pihl sI. vDIaf gOx-pfxI, snYks aqy glfsIaF KVk rhIaF sn. ies smfgm ivwc s: suKbIr isMG bfdl ny ivdysLI-dysI afgUaF aqy mIzIafkfrF nMU snmfinq krnf sI. styj siqMdr swqI dy hwQ ivwc sI aqy Aus ny ivdysLI-dysI afgUaF nMU iek iek krky snmfn lYx vfsqy styj vwl afAux vfsqy ikhf. ivdysLI afgUaF aqy mIzIafkfrF dI igxqI bhuqI hox kfrn snmfinq krn dI spIz bhuq qyjL rwKI geI sI. jd awDI ku drjn swjx snmfinq kr idwqy gey qF do gwlF spsLt ho geIaF. iewk hr iksy nMU snmfn ieko hI iksm df idwqf jf irhf sI. s: bfdl iewk vDIaf iksm dI loeI snmfinq kIqy jfx vfly dy moZy `qy rwK idMdy sn. iek stYNzrz mmYNto aqy gurU sihbfn dI qsvIr hwQ PVf ky qsvIr iKcvfAux vfsqy 5-6 sikMt idwqy jFdy sn. dUjI gwl ieh ik snmfinq krn vfly df nfm anfAUNs krn ipwCoN Aus dI AuzIk nhIN sI kIqI jFdI sgoN jo styj vwl af jfvy Aus dy moZy `qy loeI rwK idwqI jFdI sI qy mmYnto PVf idwqy jFdy sn.

          ivdysLI-dysI afgUaF ipwCoN jd ivdysLI mIzIaf dI vfrI afeI qF kuJ kihMdy khfAuNdy mIzIafkfrF dI QF jd sDfrn ivdysLI mIzIafkfrF nMU pihlF avfjL pY geI qF keI bhuq nrvs ho gey. nrvs vI eyny ho gey ik kuJ ku qF avfjL pYx qoN ibnF hI Bwj ky moZy `qy loeI rKvf ky qsvIrF iKcvf afey. AuhnF dI JkfnI df pqf AudoN lgdf sI jd snmfn lY lYx ipwCoN keI nfm lMG jfx `qy AuhnF df nfm lY ky avfjL mfrI jFdI sI. mihmfnF ivwc Kusr musr sLurU ho jFdI ik Plfxy nMU avfjL hux mfrI jf rhI hY pr Auh qF kd df snmfn lY cuwkf hY. torFto dy Gwto Gwt do mIzIafkfr ies JkfnI ivwc sLfml sn. sLfied ivcfiraF nMU snmfn horF qoN ipwCoN imlx nfl aihmIaq Gt jfx df zr sI. ieMJ ivdysLI-dysI afgUaF nMU kosx vflf pMjfbI mIzIaf, Kud ivcfrf bx ky rih igaf. ivdysLI pMjfbI mIzIaf ny pRvfsI sMmyln df njLfrf iesLiqhfrF aqy sLohrq dI lflsf dIaF do lwqF `qy dOV dOV ky vyiKaf.

 


KfilsqfnI afgU zf: amrjIq isMG df aigqafq ipCokV crcf ivwc

dl Kflsf alfieMs nMU 85 svflF dy juvfb dI qlfsL

torFto :- dl Kflsf alfieMs nfm dI KfilsqfnI jQybMdI nMU KfilsqfnI afgU zfktr amrjIq isMG dy ipCokV bfry 85 svflF dy juvfbF dI qlfsL hY aqy AuhnF ies vfsqy 1500 zflr df ienfm vI rwiKaf hoieaf hY. ieh gwl bIqy sLnIvfr Es smyN sfhmxy afeI jd sQfnk nwcdf pMjfb ryzIE progrfm `qy amrIkf siQq KfilsqfnI jQybMdI dl Kflsf asfieMs dy afgU s: prmjIq isMG syKoN Pon rfhIN pysL hoey aqy AuhnF  host qy sroiqaF dy bhuq sfry svflF dy juvfb idwqy. pMjfb ivwc ipMz dfKf nfl sbMiDq hox kfrn Auh s: prmjIq isMG dfKf dy nfm nfl vI jfxy jFdy hn. s: prmjIq isMG dfKf ny afpxy ipCokV bfry pUrI jfxkfrI idwqI aqy ieh dfavf  vI kIqf ik Auh iek pwky KfilsqfnI hn qy pMjfb dIaF keI jylF ivwc bMd rih cuwky hn.

          s: prmjIq isMG dfKf ny ikhf ik KfilsqfnI afgU zf: amrjIq isMG afpxy ipCokV bfry kuJ vI dwsx bfry iqafr nhIN hn aqy dl Kflsf alfieMs ny zfktr amrjIq isMG bfry 85 svflF dy jfvfb dyx vfly vfsqy 1500 zflr df ienfm vI rwiKaf hoieaf hY. zf: amrjIq isMG dy aigafq ipCokV bfry svflF ivwc AuhnF df jnm asQfn, mF-bfp df nfm, nfnikaF-dfdikaF afid df pqf-Qhu, skUlF vgYrf df nfm ijwQoN AuhnF ividaf pRfpq kIqI hovygI afid sLfml hn. sbMiDq ryzIE pRogrfm `qy jd sroiqaF dIaF Pon kflF leIaF geIaF qF zfktr amrjIq isMG dy smrQkF ny iehnF svflF nMU gYr-vfijb dwisaf. kuJ ku qF ies bfry bhuq guwsy ivwc jfpdy sn aqy iehnF svflF nMU byloVf ivvfd pYdf krn vfly smJdy sn.

          s: prmjIq isMG dfKf df qrk sI ik iswKF nMU afpxy iksy vI afgU dy ipCokV bfry pUrI jfxkfrI df hwk hY aqy zfktr amrjIq isMG nMU ieh jfxkfrI dyxI cfhIdI hY. ies lVI ivwc AuhnF afpxy ipCokV bfry bhuq sfry svflF dy juvfb idwqy qy afpxy ipMz aqy ipqf df nfm dwisaf. AuhnF ieh vI dwisaf ik Auh pMjfb vfly dl Kflsf qoN kuJ sfl pihlF vwK ho gey sn aqy dl Kflsf alfieMs df gTn kr ilaf sI. AuhnF keI hor sMsQfvF dy nfm igxfey ijhnF ivwc Auh kMm kr cuwky hn jF kr rhy hn. kYlyPornIaF ivwc AuhnF Kfilsqfn dy nfm `qy tYksI ibjLnYs vI Kohilaf hoieaf hY. ijLkrXog hY ik s: prmjIq isMG dfKf kONsl afPL Kfilsqfn dy afgU zfktr gurmIq isMG aOlK dy njLdIkI sihXogI hn aqy torFto dy keI KfilsqfnI afgUaF nfl vI AuhnF dy njLdIkI sbMD hn.

          dUjy pfsy zf: amrjIq isMG vfisLMgtn siQq Kfilsqfn aPyarjL sYNtr dy afgU hn aqy keI KfilsqfnI pricaF ivwc hPLqfvfrI kflm ilKx qoN ielfvf ryzIE `qy lwCydfr KfilsqfnI pRbcn krn vfsqy vI pRisD hn. torFto dy Kyqr ivwc zf: amrjIq isMG dy bhuq sfry KfilsqfnIaF nfl njLdIkI sbMD hn. zfktr amrjIq isMG aksr amrIkf Br dy vwK vwK sLihrF KfilsqfnI smfgmF ivwc Bfg lYx jFdy rihMdy hn aqy ies iksm dy hvfeI sPLr vfsqy AuhnF nMU coKy bjt dI loV ho skdI hY. Kfilsqfn aPyarjL sYNtr clfAux vfsqy zf: amrjIq isMG dy hor sihXogI kOx kOx hn? ies bfry vI afm jfxkfrI AuplBd nhIN hY.

          ijLkrXog hY ik zfktr amrjIq isMG ieh dfavf vI krdy hn ik AuhnF nMU Kfilsqfn aPyarjL sYNtr Kohlx vfsqy zfktr sohx isMG vflI pMQk kmytI df QfpVf pRfpq sI. pr zfktr sohx isMG hux pMjfb ivwc arfm Prmf rhy hn aqy AuhnF muhflI ivwc zyry lgfey hoey hn. Xfd rhy zfktr sohx isMG qoN ielfvf hor vI bhuq sfry kwtV KfilsqfnI afgU pMjfb ivwc arfm Purmf rhy hn ijhnF ivwc vwsx isMG jwPrvfl aqy vrlz isK sMsQf dy bfnI aqy sfbkf myjr jnrl jsvMq isMG Bulwr vI cMzIgVH zyry lfeI bYTy hn.

          Xfd rhy kuJ sfl pihlF kONsl afPL Kfilsqfn dy afgU zfktr gurmIq isMG ieh kihMidaF zf: amrjIq isMG nfl eykqf krn qoN ienkfr kr idwqf sI ik ijs df aqf-pqf nhIN hY Aus nfl eykqf nhIN ho skdI.  KLbrnfmf nMU ies bfry awDI ku drjn kflF afeIaF hn aqy iek kflr ny dfavf kIqf hY ik zf: amrjIq isMG ihmfcl pRdysL qoN hn aqy ieh AuhnF df aslI nfm nhI hY. KLbrnfmf df zf: amrjIq isMG jF prmjIq isMG dfKf nfl sMprk nhIN ho sikaf.

 


iswDI vot pRnflI `c bhumwq srkfr keI vfr Clfvf hI huMdI hY

Gwt-igxqI srkfrF asiQr jLrUr pr burIaF nhIN huMdIaF!

-pRsLFq lfielpurI

 

          iswDI vot pRnflI ijs nMU iewk sLihrI iewk vot vI afK ilaf jFdf hY, duafrf cuxI geI bhumwq srkfr vI drasl keI vfr Gwt igxqI srkfr hI huMdI hY. dunIaF dy bhuq sMsdI lokqMqrF ivwc ieh iswDI vot pRnflI hI apxfeI geI hY aqy kYnyzf qy Bfrq dovyN ies vot pRnflI dy DfrnI hn. ies vot pRnflI ivwc bhu-kony mukfbly ivwc swB qoN vwD votF lY jfx vflf jyqU mMinaF jFdf hY, BfvyN Es nMU hlky dIaF mjfrtI votF nf vI peIaF hox. eys qrF dysL Br ivwc peIaF kul votF df 50% qoN Gwt hfsl krn vflIaF pfrtIaF vI keI vfr BfrI bhumwq (awD qoN vwD sItF) lY jFdIaF hn. ajyhI srkfr Clfvf BfvyN mjfrtI srkfr df pfAuNdI hY aqy sMsdI sItF vI mjfrtI lY jFdI hY pr bxI ieh mnfirtI (Gwt igxqI) votF nfl huMdI hY.

          ilbrl afgU aqy sfbkf pRDfn mMqrI ikRqIaF dIaF iqMny srkfr sMsd ivwc BfvyN bhumwq sItF kfrn bhuwmwq srkfrF igxIaF jFdIaF hn pr pfpUlr vot dy ilhfjL nfl ikRqIaF dIaF iqMny srkfrF mnfrtI votF nfl srkfrF sn. iqMnF hI coxf ivwc ikRqIaF dI kmFz hyT ilbrl pfrtI kdy vI 41% qoN vwD votF nhIN sI hfsl kr skI pr sMsdI sItF 51 qoN 60% ijwqdI rhI sI.

          bIqy `qy srsrI inghf mfrIey qF dunIaF dI pihlI jMg dy Kfqmy qoN bfad kYnyzf ivwc awj qwk aslI mjfirtI srkfrF isrPL iqMn hI bxIaF hn. pihlI srkfr 1940 ivwc jnfb mkYNjLI ikMg dI sI, dUjI 1958 ivwc zIPLnbykr dI aqy qIjI 1984 ivwc coxF ijwqI brfien mlrUnI dI, ijhnF nMU 50% qoN vwD votF peIaF sn. iehnF iqMnF nMU Cwz ky ies smyN dOrfn bxIaF bfkI 23 srkfrF ivcoN 12 JUTIaF mjfrtI (bhumwq) srkfrF sn aqy 11 mnfrtI (Gwt igxqI) srkfrF sn.

          ajyhy iksy vI dysL ivwc do qoN vwD rfjsI pfrtIaF dy mYdfn ivwc af jfx nfl huMdf hY aqy kYnyzf ivwc huxy hoeIaF coxF ivwc qF pMj rfjsI pfrtIaF mYdfn ivwc sn jd ik keI ajLfd jF Putkl pfrtIaF dy AumIdvfr vI keI hlikaF ivwc KVy sn. kMnPzrysLn qoN bafd kYnyzf ivwc bxIaF pihlIaF 12 srkfrF swcmuwc mjfrtI srkfrF sn ijhnF ny pfpUlr vot df vI bhumwq ijwiqaf sI qy sMsdI sItF df vI. iehnF 12 srkfrF ivcoN 6 ilbrl pfrtI dIaF aqy 6 kMsrvtv pfrtI dIaF srkfrF sn.

          nfm dI mjfrtI dI jgfH aslI mjfrtI dI Bfl ivwc dunIaF dy vwK vwK dysLF ivwc iswDI vot pRnflI dy keI iksm dy bdl apxfey gey hn ajy qwk iksy vI pRbMD nMU 100% TIk afKxf sMBv nhIN hY. amrIkf ivwc 6 ku sfl pihlF hoeIaF pRDfngI coxF ivwc jfrj buwsL Gwt pfpUlr votF hfsl kr ky vI pRDfngI coxF ijwq gey sn. ieh amrIkf dI arD-iswDI cox pRnflI kfrn hoieaf sI ijs ivwc votr afpxI vot qF BfvyN pRDfngI AumIdvfr nMU muwK rwK ky pfAuNdy hn pr asl ivwc cox eIlYktorl kflj dI krdy hn aqy Auh vI subfeI pwDr `qy.

          kuJ dysLF ivwc pRoporsLnl vot pRnflI ijs nMU pMjfbI ivwc anupqfk cox pRnflI vI afiKaf jf skdf hY, lfgU hY. ies ivdI ivwc iksy vI pfrtI nMU hfsl kIqIaF votF dy anupfq muqfibk hI sMsdI sItF imldIaF hn. kuJ dysL rlI-imlI vox pRnflI vI vrq rhy hn. bdlvIN vot pRnflI vI vrqI geI hY ijs ivwc votr afpxI vot df pRXog pihlI, dUjI jF qIjI pihl dy aDfr `qy krdf hY. ijs nMU pihlI, dUjI, qIjI, cOQI pRYPrYNs (qrjIh) vI afiKaf jFdf hY. kYnyzf dI ilbrl pfrtI ies ivDI nMU afpxy AumIdvfrF dI nfmInysLn vfsqy vrqdI hY. ies ivDI nfl keI vfr qIjI qrjIhI vot vfly AumIdvfr vI ijwq jFdy hn.

          ikAuNik awj qwk koeI vI vot pRnflI dosL mukq sfbq nhIN ho skI ies kfrn ajy qwk iswDI vot pRnflI ies dy keI dosLF dy bfvjUd bhuqI pRcwlq hY. BfvyN ies ivDI nfl 16 ku sfl rfj krn vflf trUzo vrgf msLhUr afgU iewk vfr vI 50% qoN vwD votF hfsl nhIN sI kr sikaf.

         

Gwt igxqI srkfrF dI aOsqn Aumr 18  ku mhIny hI hY

          kYnzf ivwc Gwt igxqI srkfrF dI aOsqn Aumr isrP 18 ku mhIny hI hY ijs kfrn bIqy 25 sflF bfad bxI dUjI Gwt igxqI srkfr iksy aihm muwdy `qy iksy smyN vI izwg skdI aqy dubfrf coxF df ibgul vwj skdf hY. 

          dysL dI kMnPzrysLn qoN bfad  pihlI Gwt igxqI srkfr 1921 ivwc pRDfn mMqrI mkYNjLI ikMg ny bxfeI sI jo ik rIkfrz 3 sfl 7 mhIny aqy 21 idn cwlI sI. ieh awj qwk dI swB qoN vwD smF cwlx vflI Gwt igxqI srkfr sI. sMn 1925 ivwc sRI ikMg ny dUjI Gwt igxqI srkfr bxfeI sI jo ik isrPL 6 mhIny `qy 25 idn cwlI sI.

          sMn 1926 ivwc sr arQr mIgHn ny qIjI Gwt igxqI srkfr bxfeI sI jo isrPL 2 mhIny qy 26 idn hI cwlI sI aqy ieh swB qoN Gwt smF cwlx vflI Gwt-igxqI srkfr sI. sMn 1957 ivwc kMsrvtv afgU sRI jfHn zIPnbykr ny dysL dI cOQI Gwt igxqI srkfr bxfeI sI jo 5 mhIny qy 24 idn cwlI sI. sRI zIPLnbykr kol hfAUs ivwc isrPL 112 sItF sn jd ky sfrIaF ivroDI pfrtIaF dI kuwl igxqI 153 sI.

          dysL dI CyvIN Gwt igxqI srkfr 1963 ivwc ilbrl afgU sRI lystr pIarsn ny bxfeI sI jo 17 aYn zI pI aYm pIaF dI mdd nfl 2 sfl qy 4 mhIny cwlI sI. sRI pIarsn ny ieh srkfr BMg krky nvIaF coxF krvfeIaF sn pr iPr vI bhumwq hfsl nhIN sn kr sky.

          sMn 1965 ivwc sRI pIarsn ny dysL dI swqvIN Gwt igxqI srkfr aYn zI pI dI mdd nfl bxfeI sI jo ik 2 sfl 4 mhIny qy 14 idn cwlI sI. ies srkfr dy awD ivcfly hI sRI trUzo ny ilbrl pfrtI dI vfgzor sMBfl leI sI. aYn zI pI dI mdd nfl 1962 aqy 1965 ivwc bxIaF ieh dovyN Gwt igxqI ilbrl srkfrF dysL dy lok BlfeI pRogrfmF  dI sLurUafq df kfrn bxIaF sn. ilbrl pfrtI ny aYn zI pI afgU sRI tOmI zgls dy BfrI dbfE hyT kYnyzf pYnsLn plfn, Elz eyjL sikAurtI, grMtIz splImYNt vrgIaF skImF clfeIaF sn.

          sMn 1972 ivwc sRI trUzo ny dysL dI awTvIN Gwt igxqI srkfr df gTn kIqf sI jo ik 1 sfl 5 mhIny qy 19 idn aYn zI pI dy 31 mYNbrF dI mdd nfl cwlI sI. ies mOky sRI trUzo dI pfrtI kol isrPL 109 sItF sn jd ik kMsrvtv pfrtI kol 107 sItF sn. ies qrF swqfDfrI ilbrl pfrtI qy ivroDI iDr kMsrvtv pfrtI qoN isrPL 2 vwD aYm pI sn.

          dysL dI nOvIN Gwt igxqI srkfr kMsrvtv afgU sRI joa klfrk ny sMn 1979 ivwc bxfeI sI jo ik isrPL 6 mhIny qy 3 idn hI cwl skI sI. sRI klfrk kol Aus smyN 301 dy hfAUs ivwc 136 sItF sn jd ik ilbrl pfrtI kol 114 sItF sn. sRI klfrk dI ieh srkfr bjwt `qy voitMg smyN aYn zI pI afgU sRI bfbf rya dy nfn-kMPIzYNs mosLn kfrn izwg peI sI. ies mOky ilbrl pfrtI afpxy asqIPLf dy cwuky afgU sRI trUzo nMU vfps lY afeI sI aqy coxF ivwc bhumwq ijwq geI sI.

          sRI mfritn dI 2004 ivwc bxI GwtigxqI srkfr dysL dI 10 vIN Gwt igxqI srkfr sI aqy ieh qkrIbn 18 ku mhIny hI cwl skI sI. sRI mfrtn kol 308 dy hfAUs ivwc isrPL 135 sItF sn qy kMsrvtv pfrtI kol 99 jo ik biulMzf dy Bwj jfx qoN bfad 98 rih geIaF sn.

          awj sRI hfrpr dI Gwt igxqI srkfr 1979 dI sRI klfrk dI Gwt igxqI srkfr vrgI jfpdI hY ikAuNik sRI hfrpr kol awj 308 dy hfAUs ivwc isrPL 125 sItF hn aqy Auh vI ilbrl pfrtI Cwz ky Bwjy aYmrsn sxy. ilbrl pfrtI kol 103 qy aYn zI pI kol 29 aqy iewk ajLfd hY.

          mfhrF muqfibk Gwt igxqI srkfrF asiQr jLrUr huMdIaF hn pr burIaF nhIN huMdIaF. Gwt igxqI srkfrF ivwc swqfDFrI pfrtI dy ipCly bYNcF `qy bYTy sMsd mYNbrF dI pwuC-pRqIq vI vwD jFdI hY aqy ivroDI iDr dI vI. qfkq ivwc rihx dI cfhvfn Gwt igxqI srkfr aksr hr mfmly `qy ivroDI iDr nMU ivsLvfs ivwc lY ky cwlx dI koisLsL krdI hY. ajyhf krdy smyN     koeI vI Gwt igxqI srkfr asl ivwc bhu-igxqI votrF dy pRqIinDF dy shfry PYsly krn lwg pYNdI hY jd ik mukblqn 40% votF nfl sMsdI bhu-igxqI lY jfx vflf afgU keI vfr  mnmrjLI nfl rfj krdf hY.

      hfrpr dI Gwt igxqI srkfr leI afAuNdf smF cxOqIaF BrpUr hovygf ijs dI sLurUafq sMsd dy agly smfgm qoN ho jfvygI. qfkq ivwc rihx leI hfrpr ivroDIaF dI sunx leI mjLbUr hovygf.

hux qwk KLbrnfmf dI vYWb sfeIt nUM pfTk vyK cuwky hn

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